Aristotle on the Difference Between Plants, Animals, and Human Beings and on the Elements as Instruments of the Soul (De Anima 2.4.415b18) [Book Review]
Graduate studies at Western
The Review of Metaphysics 63 (4):821-841 (2010)
|Abstract||Why do all animals possess sense perception while plants don’t? And should the difference in quality of life between human beings and wolves be explained by supposing that wolves have degenerated souls? This paper argues that for Aristotle differences in quality of life among living beings are based on differences in the quality of their soul-principle together with the body that receives the soul. The paper proposes a new interpretation of On the Soul 2.4.415b18: “For all the natural bodies are instruments of the soul,” against all current interpretations. Aristotle there means that each of the four sublunary elements can be a part of the instrumental body of a soul. The paper continues with discussing the way in which Aristotle connects the several sublunar elements with different levels of life activity, and the troublesome passage in Generation of Animals 3.11.761b22, where Aristotle speaks about a fourth category of living creatures related to the fourth sublunary element, Fire, and the region of the Moon|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Abraham P. Bos (2007). Aristotle on Dissection of Plants and Animals and His Concept of the Instrumental Soul-Body. Ancient Philosophy 27 (1):95-106.
Adam Wood (2012). Incorporeal Nous and the Science of the Soul in Aristotle's De Anima. International Philosophical Quarterly 52 (2):169-182.
Ronald M. Polansky (2007). Aristotle's de Anima. Cambridge University Press.
Richard L. Velkley (2003). Prelude to First Philosophy. Epoché 7 (2):189-198.
Russell Winslow (2009). On the Life of Thinking in Aristotle's De Anima. Epoché 13 (2):299-316.
Daniel H. Frank (2002). The Development of Maimonides' Moral Psychology. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (1):89-105.
Holly L. Wilson (2011). Kant's Treatment of Animals. In Paul Pojman (ed.), Food Ethics. Wadsworth.
Aristotle (2002). Aristotle: On the Parts of Animals. Clarendon Press.
Hynek Bartoš (2012). Aristotle on Methodological Approaches to the Study of the Human Soul. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):199-220.
Richard C. Taylor (2006). Abstraction in Al-Fârâbî. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 80:151-168.
Jeff McMahan (2008). Challenges to Human Equality. Journal of Ethics 12 (1):81 - 104.
Added to index2011-01-09
Total downloads15 ( #86,013 of 739,352 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #26,322 of 739,352 )
How can I increase my downloads?