Are we living in a computer simulation?

Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):243–255 (2003)
Abstract
This paper argues that at least one of the following propositions is true: (1) the human species is very likely to go extinct before reaching a “posthuman” stage; (2) any posthuman civilization is extremely unlikely to run a significant number of simulations of their evolutionary history (or variations thereof); (3) we are almost certainly living in a computer simulation. It follows that the belief that there is a significant chance that we will one day become posthumans who run ancestor-simulations is false, unless we are currently living in a simulation. A number of other consequences of this result are also discussed.
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References found in this work BETA
Nick Bostrom (1998). How Long Before Superintelligence? International Journal of Futures Studies 2.
Robin Hanson (2001). How to Live in a Simulation. Journal of Evolution and Technology 7 (1).
John Leslie (1990). Is the End of the World Nigh? Philosophical Quarterly 40 (158):65-72.
Citations of this work BETA
Michael Huemer (2011). The Puzzle of Metacoherence. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (1):1-21.
Brian Weatherson (2003). Are You a Sim? Philosophical Quarterly 53 (212):425–431.

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