David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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In J. Bos & S. Pulman (eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Semantics 9 (2011)
In three experiments, we investigated the computational complexity of German reciprocal sentences with different quantiﬁcational antecedents. Building upon the tractable cognition thesis (van Rooij, 2008) and its application to the veriﬁcation of quantiﬁers (Szymanik, 2010) we predicted complexity differences among these sentences. Reciprocals with all-antecedents are expected to preferably receive a strong interpretation (Dalrymple et al., 1998), but reciprocals with proportional or numerical quantiﬁer antecedents should be interpreted weakly. Experiment 1, where participants completed pictures according to their preferred interpretation, provides evidence for these predictions. Experiment 2 was a picture veriﬁcation task. The results show that the strong interpretation was in fact possible for tractable all but one-reciprocals, but not for exactly n. The last experiment manipulated monotonicity of the quantiﬁer antecedents.
|Keywords||reciprocal expressions Strong Meaning Hypothesis (in)tractability computational semantics|
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Oliver Bott, Fabian Schlotterbeck & Jakub Szymanik, Interpreting Tractable Versus Intractable Reciprocal Sentences.
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