|Abstract||Indirect reciprocity occurs when the cooperative behavior between two individuals is contingent on their previous behavior toward others. Previous theoretical analysis indicates that indirect reciprocity can evolve if individuals use an image-scoring strategy. In this paper, we show that, when errors are added, indirect reciprocity cannot be based on an image-scoring strategy. However, if individuals use a standing strategy, then cooperation through indirect reciprocity is evolutionarily stable. These two strategies differ with respect to the information to which they attend. While image-scoring strategies only need attend to the actions of others, standing strategies also require information about intent. We speculate that this difference may shed light on the evolvability of indirect reciprocity. Additionally, we show that systems of indirect reciprocity are highly sensitive to the availability of information. Finally, we present a model which shows that if indirect reciprocity were to evolve, selection should also favor trusting behavior in relations between strangers. r 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Rory Smead (2010). Indirect Reciprocity and the Evolution of “Moral Signals”. Biology and Philosophy 25 (1):33-51.
Rebecca G. Long & K. Michael Mathews (2011). Ethics in the Family Firm. Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (2):287-308.
Michael Moody (2008). Serial Reciprocity: A Preliminary Statement. Sociological Theory 26 (2):130 - 151.
A. M. Viens, Cécile M. Bensimon & Ross E. G. Upshur (2009). Your Liberty or Your Life: Reciprocity in the Use of Restrictive Measures in Contexts of Contagion. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2).
Ben Fraser (2011). Explaining Strong Reciprocity: Cooperation, Competition, and Partner Choice. Biological Theory 6 (2):113-119.
Li-Jing Wang & Xin Xie (2008). 论积极的中庸——进取互利. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:601-612.
Marguerite la Caze (2008). Seeing Oneself Through the Eyes of the Other: Asymmetrical Reciprocity and Self-Respect. Hypatia 23 (3):pp. 118-135.
Alejandro Rosas (2008). The Return of Reciprocity: A Psychological Approach to the Evolution of Cooperation. Biology and Philosophy 23 (4):555-566.
Francesco Guala (2010). Cooperation in and Out of the Lab: A Comment on Binmore's Paper. Mind and Society 9 (2):159-169.
Alejandro Rosas (2010). Reciprocity, Altruism and the Civil Society: In Praise of Heterogeneity , Luigino Bruni. Routledge, 2008, XIII + 158 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 26 (1):108-114.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads4 ( #180,507 of 556,895 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,931 of 556,895 )
How can I increase my downloads?