Natural epistemology or evolved metaphysics? Developmental evidence for early-developed, intuitive, category-specific, incomplete, and stubborn metaphysical presumptions
Graduate studies at Western
Philosophical Psychology 13 (3):277 – 297 (2000)
|Abstract||Cognitive developmental evidence is sometimes conscripted to support ''naturalized epistemology'' arguments to the effect that a general epistemic stance leads children to build theory-like accounts of underlying properties of kinds. A review of the evidence suggests that what prompts conceptual acquisition is not a general epistemic stance but a series of category-specific intuitive principles that constitute an evolved ''natural metaphysics''. This consists in a system of categories and category-specific inferential processes founded on definite biases in prototype formation. Evidence for this system provides a better understanding of the limited ''plasticity'' of ontological commitments as well as a computationally plausible account of their initial state, avoiding ambiguities about innateness. This may provide a starting point for a ''naturalized epistemology'' that takes into account evolved properties of human conceptual structures.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Pascal Boyer (1992). Causal Thinking and its Anthropological Misrepresentation. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (2):187-213.
Helen de Cruz & Johan de Smedt (2007). The Role of Intuitive Ontologies in Scientific Understanding – the Case of Human Evolution. Biology and Philosophy 22 (3).
Naama Friedmann & Aviah Gvion (2002). Modularity in Developmental Disorders: Evidence From Specific Language Impairment and Peripheral Dyslexias. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):756-757.
E. J. Lowe (2006). The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science. Oxford University Press.
Marjorie Rhodes & Daniel Brickman (2010). The Role of Within-Category Variability in Category-Based Induction: A Developmental Study. Cognitive Science 34 (8):1561-1573.
Mark Phelan (2013). Evidence That Stakes Don't Matter for Evidence. Philosophical Psychology:1-25.
Pascal Boyer (1998). If “Tracking” is Category-Specific a “Common Structure” May Be Redundant. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):67-68.
Franck Ramus (2002). Evidence for a Domain-Specific Deficit in Developmental Dyslexia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):767-768.
H. Clark Barrett (2001). Is Category Specificity in the World or in the Mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):478-479.
Pascal Boyer (1998). Cultural Transmission with an Evolved Intuitive Ontology: Domain-Specific Cognitive Tracks of Inheritance. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):570-571.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads16 ( #81,883 of 740,432 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,802 of 740,432 )
How can I increase my downloads?