David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Social Criticism 32 (1):65-88 (2006)
Relying on Niklas Luhmann's systems theoretical redescription of modern society, this article aims at questioning the basic theoretical notions of the ongoing inclusion/exclusion debate. The most remarkable aspect of Luhmann's reassessment of the inclusion/exclusion relationship within functionally differentiated societies is that individuals are basically situated within the exclusion domain of society, and thus cannot but partially be included within society's function systems and organizations. This reassessment not only allows Luhmann to raise fundamental questions with respect to the implicit norm of full inclusion which still dominates the debate on inclusion and exclusion, but it also directs his attention to the different inclusion/exclusion conditions within function systems, organizations and interaction systems. Eventually Luhmann's position comes down to the idea that exclusion rather than inclusion is the rule, and, moreover, that inclusions differ from one another. The article closes off with a critical evaluation of Luhmann's redescription of the inclusion/exclusion debate. It is argued that systems theory might suffer from empirical deficiency, as it seems to have difficulties to detect and to depict the actual mechanisms of social exclusion without resorting to theories that are more geared to empirical reality and that are of help in observing it. Key Words: evolution function systems inclusion/exclusion Niklas Luhmann networks organizations.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Daniel Lee (2000). The Society of Society: The Grand Finale of Niklas Luhmann. Sociological Theory 18 (2):320-330.
Alex Viskovatoff (1999). Foundations of Niklas Luhmann's Theory of Social Systems. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (4):481-516.
Niklas Luhmann (1989). Ecological Communication. Polity Press.
P. Y.-Z. Wan (2011). Emergence a la Systems Theory: Epistemological Totalausschluss or Ontological Novelty? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (2):178-210.
Hans-Ulrich Dallmann (1998). Niklas Luhmann's Systems Theory as a Challenge for Ethics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (1):85-102.
Dave Elder-Vass (2007). Luhmann and Emergentism: Competing Paradigms for Social Systems Theory? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (4):408-432.
Niklas Luhmann (2008). Law as a Social System. OUP Oxford.
Enric J. Novella (2010). Mental Health Care and the Politics of Inclusion: A Social Systems Account of Psychiatric Deinstitutionalization. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (6):411-427.
Poul Kjaer (2006). Systems in Context: On the Outcome of the Habermas/Luhmann Debate. Ancilla Iuris 1:66-77.
Jaap den Hollander (2010). Beyond Historicism: From Leibniz to Luhmann. Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (2):210-225.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads54 ( #28,685 of 1,098,976 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #287,052 of 1,098,976 )
How can I increase my downloads?