David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Biology and Philosophy 14 (2):167-180 (1999)
Richard Lewontin's (1970) early work on the units of selection initiated the conceptual and theoretical investigations that have led to the hierarchical perspective on selection that has reached near consensus status today. This paper explores other aspects of his work, work on what he termed continuity and quasi-independence, that connect to contemporary explorations of modularity in development and evolution. I characterize such modules and argue that they are the true units of selection in that they are what evolution by natural selection individuates, selects among, and transforms.
|Keywords||levels of selection modularity units of selection|
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Ellen Clarke (2011). The Problem of Biological Individuality. Biological Theory 5 (4):312-325.
Ellen Clarke (2012). Plant Individuality: A Solution to the Demographer's Dilemma. Biology and Philosophy 27 (3):321-361.
Kevin Brosnan (2009). Quasi-Independence, Fitness, and Advantageousness. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (3):228-234.
Gillian Gass & Brian K. Hall (2007). Collectivity in Context: Modularity, Cell Sociology, and the Neural Crest. Biological Theory 2 (4):349-359.
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