Phenomenal qualities of ayahuasca ingestion and its relation to fringe consciousness and personality
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (9):5-24 (2006)
Ayahuasca, a hallucinogen with profound consciousness- altering properties, has been increasingly utilized in recent studies (e.g., Strassman, 2001; Shanon, 2002a,b). However, other than Shanon's recent work, there has been little attempt to examine the effects of ayahuasca on perceptual, affective and cognitive experience, its relation to fringe consciousness or to pertinent personality variables. Twenty-one volunteers attending a seminar on ayahuasca were administered personality measures and a semi-structured interview about phenomenal qualities of their experience. Ayahuasca ingestion was associated with profound alterations of temporal- spatial experiences including expansive space and slowed time. Ayahuasca use was also associated with positive emotional states, higher levels of fantasy proneness and psychological absorption and a greater openness to mystical experiences. Conversely, quickened time was associated with negative emotionality. The results are discussed within a multi-faceted model of fringe consciousness with a particular emphasis on Hunt's (1995) models of cross-modal translation as the basis for higher-order symbolic cognition and support James' (1890/1950) contention that fringe consciousness is essential to human cognition
|Keywords||*Consciousness States *Hallucinogenic Drugs *Ingestion *Personality|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Naotsugu Tsuchiya & Ralph Adolphs (2007). Emotion and Consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (4):158-167.
Elisabeth Norman (2002). Subcategories of "Fringe Consciousness" and Their Related Nonconscious Contexts. Psyche 8 (15).
Janine Tatjana Schmid, Henrik Jungaberle & Rolf Verres (2010). Subjective Theories About (Self-)Treatment with Ayahuasca. Anthropology of Consciousness 21 (2):188-204.
John R. Baker (2010). A Hallucinogenic Tea, Laced with Controversy: Ayahuasca in the Amazon and the United States. By Marlene Dobkin de Rios and Roger Rumrrill. Anthropology of Consciousness 21 (1):109-111.
Benny Shanon (2004). Altered States and the Study of Consciousness: The Case of Ayahuasca. Journal of Mind and Behavior 24 (2):125-154.
Stephan V. Beyer (2012). Special Ayahuasca Issue Introduction: Toward a Multidisciplinary Approach to Ayahuasca Studies. Anthropology of Consciousness 23 (1):1-5.
Frank Echenhofer (2012). The Creative Cycle Processes Model of Spontaneous Imagery Narratives Applied to the Ayahuasca Shamanic Journey. Anthropology of Consciousness 23 (1):60-86.
Brian T. Anderson (2012). Ayahuasca as Antidepressant? Psychedelics and Styles of Reasoning in Psychiatry. Anthropology of Consciousness 23 (1):44-59.
Sara E. Lewis (2008). Ayahuasca and Spiritual Crisis: Liminality as Space for Personal Growth. Anthropology of Consciousness 19 (2):109-133.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads169 ( #21,884 of 1,911,313 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #178,269 of 1,911,313 )
How can I increase my downloads?