Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (2):393-408 (2013)
|Abstract||Due to the significant and often careless human impact on the natural environment, there are serious problems facing the people of today and of future generations. To date, ethical, aesthetic, religious, and economic arguments for the conservation and protection of the natural environment have made relatively little headway. Another approach, one capable of garnering attention and motivating action, would be welcome. There is another approach, one that I will call a rights approach. Speaking generally, this approach is an attempt to address environmental issues via the language and theory of legal and moral rights. Ultimately, it is our duties to our fellow humans that explain why we have duties regarding the natural environment. There are three main contenders among theories that can be called rights approaches to environmental issues. The first identifies the (alleged) human right to a healthful environment as the source of our obligations to conserve and protect nature. The second approach has it that our duties to nature arise from the rights of the constituents of nature themselves, its flora and fauna. The third approach to addressing environmental problems via rights is, I argue, the best path to environmental conservation and protection. This approach—which grounds duties toward nature on the human right to health—has the benefits of being a straightforward, uncontroversial, and simple approach to issues and problems that desperately need to be resolved|
|Keywords||Human rights Nature Duties Environment Health|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Stephanie Nixon & Lisa Forman, Exploring the Synergies Between Human Rights and Public Health Ethics: A Whole Greater Than the Sum of its Parts.
Eduardo Viola (1994). Integrating Environmentalism and Human Rights. Environmental Ethics 16 (3):265-273.
James W. Nickel & Eduardo Viola (1994). Integrating Environmentalism and Human Rights. Environmental Ethics 16 (3):265-273.
Hugh V. McLachlan (2010). Moral Rights to Life, Both Natural and Non-Natural: Reflections on James Griffin's Account of Human Rights. Diametros 26:58-76.
Toby Svoboda (2012). Duties Regarding Nature: A Kantian Approach to Environmental Ethics. Kant Yearbook 4 (1):143-163.
Richard A. Watson (1979). Self-Consciousness and the Rights of Nonhuman Animals and Nature. Environmental Ethics 1 (2):99-129.
Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (1999). Biotechnology and the Environment. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 1:169-178.
Anthony J. Povilitis (1980). On Assigning Rights to Animals and Nature. Environmental Ethics 2 (1):67-71.
Donald V. Poochigain (2007). Human Nature and Human Rights. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 3:131-135.
John Kilcullen (2010). Medieval and Modern Concepts of Rights : How Do They Differ? In Virpi Mäkinen (ed.), The Nature of Rights: Moral and Political Aspects of Rights in Late Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. The Philosophical Society of Finland.
Shari Collins-Chobanian (2000). Beyond Sax and Welfare Interests. Environmental Ethics 22 (2):133-148.
Ivar Kolstad (2012). Human Rights and Positive Corporate Duties: The Importance of Corporate–State Interaction. Business Ethics 21 (3):276-285.
Paul Ott (2009). World and Earth: Hannah Arendt and the Human Relationship to Nature. Ethics, Place and Environment 12 (1):1-16.
Added to index2012-03-11
Total downloads5 ( #160,483 of 549,594 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #63,397 of 549,594 )
How can I increase my downloads?