Work and emancipatory practice: Towards a recovery of human beings' productive capacities

Res Publica 13 (4):381-414 (2007)
Abstract
This article argues that productive work represents a mode of human flourishing unfortunately neglected in much current political theorizing. Focusing on Habermasian critical theory, I contend that Habermas’s dualist theory of society, with its underpinning distinction between communicative and instrumental reason, excludes work and the economy from ethical reflection. To avoid this uncritical turn, we need a concept of work that retains a core emancipatory referent. This, I claim, is provided by Alasdair MacIntyre’s notion of ‹practice’. The notion of ‹practice’ is␣significant in suggesting an alternative conception of human productivity that is neither purely instrumental nor purely communicative, but rather both simultaneously: a form of activity which issues in material products and yet presumes a community of workers engaged in intersubjective self-transformation. However, we can endorse MacIntyre’s notion of ‹practice’ only if we reject his totalizing anti-modernism and insist on the emancipatory potentialities of modern institutions.
Keywords alienated labour  ethics  Habermas  MacIntyre  practices  self-transformation  work
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Russell Keat (2009). Habermas on Ethics, Morality and European Identity. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 12 (4):535-557.
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