David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Studies 137 (1):79 - 89 (2008)
I reject the traditional picture of philosophical withdrawal in the Hellenistic Age by showing how both Epicureans and Stoics oppose, in different ways, the Platonic and Aristotelian assumption that contemplative activity is the greatest good for a human being. Chrysippus the Stoic agrees with Plato and Aristotle that the greatest good for a human being is virtuous activity, but he denies that contemplation exercises virtue. Epicurus more thoroughly rejects the assumption that the greatest good for a human being is virtuous activity. He maintains that the greatest good for a human being is the tranquility that virtuous activity always and contemplative activity sometimes brings about.
|Keywords||Stoicism Epicureanism Chrysippus Epicurus Contemplation Happiness Virtue|
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References found in this work BETA
Eric Brown (2000). Justice and Compulsion for Plato's Philosopher–Rulers. Ancient Philosophy 20 (1):1-17.
Alasdair C. MacIntyre (1966/1998). A Short History of Ethics: A History of Moral Philosophy From the Homeric Age to the Twentieth Century. University of Notre Dame Press.
A. A. Long (1986). Hellenistic Philosophy: Stoics, Epicureans, Sceptics. University of California Press.
James Warren (2002). Epicurus and Democritean Ethics: An Archaeology of Ataraxia. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Matthew D. Walker (2015). How Narrow is Aristotle's Contemplative Ideal? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (2).
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