David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Minerva 49 (3):317-332 (2011)
For decades, debates over medical curriculum reform have centred on the role of science in medical education, but the meaning of ‘science’ in this domain is vague and the persistence of the debate has not been explained. Following Bourdieu, this paper examines struggles over legitimate knowledge and the forms of capital associated with science in contemporary UK medical education. Data are presented from a study of two UK medical schools, one with a traditional, science-oriented curriculum, another with an integrated curriculum. Constructions of legitimate knowledge were explored at both schools through six months participant observation, interviews with faculty members (n=15) and students (n=37) and documentary analysis. Findings show that medical schools compete for both scientific and clinical capital, but ultimately science has greater legitimacy. ‘Science’ is defined in accordance with the structure of the traditional curriculum and has become a symbolic resource – a mark of distinction for both medical schools and medical students – which is equated with clinical competence. The significance of science is circumscribed by the medical education field, yet the struggles for scientific capital there have ramifications beyond medical education itself. It is argued that Bourdieu’s concepts are particularly useful tools for studying the meanings that science takes on outside of the scientific field
|Keywords||Medical education Pierre Bourdieu Curriculum reform Science Scientific capital Science and technology studies|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Mathieu Albert, Suzanne Laberge & Brian Hodges (2009). Boundary-Work in the Health Research Field: Biomedical and Clinician Scientists' Perceptions of Social Science Research. [REVIEW] Minerva 47 (2):171-194.
Pierre Bourdieu (1998). Practical Reason. Mind 74 (294):174-191.
Pierre Bourdieu (2004). Science of Science and Reflexivity. University of Chicago Press.
Thomas S. Kuhn (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Vol. The University of Chicago Press.
Steven Shapin & Simon Schaffer (1989). Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life. Princeton University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
D. W. Musick (1999). Teaching Medical Ethics: A Review of the Literature From North American Medical Schools with Emphasis on Education. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (3):239-254.
Jules L. Dienstag (2011). Evolution of the New Pathway Curriculum at Harvard Medical School The New Integrated Curriculum. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (1):36-54.
Amy T. Campbell (2012). Teaching Law in Medical Schools: First, Reflect. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (2):301-310.
Rebecca S. Y. Wong & Usharani Balasingam (2013). Teaching Medical Law in Medical Education. Journal of Academic Ethics 11 (2):121-138.
Clement A. Adebamowo (2010). Medical Ethics Education: A Survey of Opinion of Medical Students in a Nigerian University. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (2):85-93.
Maria Rita Garbi Novaes, Dirce Guilhem, Elena Barragan & Stewart Mennin (2013). Ethics Education in Research Involving Human Beings in Undergraduate Medicine Curriculum in Brazil. Developing World Bioethics 13 (3):163-168.
Aaron Panofsky (2011). Field Analysis and Interdisciplinary Science: Scientific Capital Exchange in Behavior Genetics. Minerva 49 (3):295-316.
Robert J. Alpern, Richard Belitsky & Sharon Long (2011). Competencies in Premedical and Medical Education The AAMC–HHMI Report. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (1):30-35.
Joseph B. R. Gaie (2004). The Ethics of Medical Involvement in Capital Punishment: A Philosophical Discussion. Kluwer Academic.
S. Vannatta & J. Vannatta (2013). Functional Realism: A Defense of Narrative Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (1):32-49.
Kirsti Malterud (1995). The Legitimacy of Clinical Knowledge: Towards a Medical Epistemology Embracing the Art of Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (2).
Walter Burger (2001). The Relation Between Medical Education and the Medical Profession's World View. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):79-84.
Rosamond Rhodes (2002). Two Concepts of Medical Ethics and Their Implications for Medical Ethics Education. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (4):493 – 508.
E. Thomson (2001). Physiology, Hygiene and the Entry of Women to the Medical Profession in Edinburgh C. 1869-C. 1900. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (1):105-126.
Added to index2011-08-02
Total downloads11 ( #138,953 of 1,103,045 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #36,701 of 1,103,045 )
How can I increase my downloads?