A social contract for biotechnology: Shared visions for risky technologies?

Abstract
Future technological developmentsconcerning food, agriculture, and theenvironment face a gulf of social legitimationfrom a skeptical public and media, in the wakeof the crises of BSE, GM food, and foot andmouth disease in the UK (House of Lords, 2000). Keyethical issues were ignored by the bioindustry,regulators, and the Government, leaving alegacy of distrust. The paper examinesagricultural biotechnology in terms of a socialcontract, whose conditions would have to be fulfilled togain acceptance of novel applications. Variouscurrent and future GM applications areevaluated against these conditions. Successwould depend critically on how far a sharedvision can be found with the public. Tore-establish trust, significant changes areidentified in the planning and pursuit ofbiotechnology.
Keywords accountability  biotechnology  consultation  consumer perceptions  control  environmental risk  ethics  genetic modification  GM animals  GM food  GM crops  nutraceuticals  policy  power  risk  safety  shared vision  social contract  trust  values
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