David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):453-470 (2004)
Several forms of dietary learning have been identified in humans. These include flavor–flavor learning, flavor–postingestive learning , and learned satiety. Generally, learning is thought to occur in the absence of contingency or demand awareness. However, a review of the literature suggests that this conclusion may be premature because measures of awareness lack the rigor that is found in studies of other kinds of human learning. If associations do configure outside awareness then this should be regarded as a rare instance of automatic learning. Conversely, if awareness is important, then successful learning may be governed by an individual’s beliefs and predilection to attend to stimulus relationships. For researchers of dietary learning this could be critical because it might explain why learning paradigms have a reputation for being unreliable. Since most food preferences are learned, asking questions about awareness can also tell us something fundamental about everyday dietary control
|Keywords||*Awareness *Eating Behavior *Learning *Satisfaction Conditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Stimulus|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
David R. Shanks & Mark F. St John (1994). Characteristics of Dissociable Human Learning Systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):367-395.
Arthur S. Reber (1967). Implicit Learning of Artificial Grammars. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 6:855-863.
Peter F. Lovibond & David R. Shanks (2002). The Role of Awareness in Pavlovian Conditioning: Empirical Evidence and Theoretical Implications. Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (1):3-26.
Pierre Perruchet & C. Pacteau (1990). Synthetic Grammar Learning: Implicit Rule Abstraction or Explicit Fragmentary Knowledge. Journal of Experimental Psychology 119:264-75.
A. Field (2000). I Like It, but I'm Not Sure Why: Can Evaluative Conditioning Occur Without Conscious Awareness? Consciousness and Cognition 9 (1):13-36.
Citations of this work BETA
Richard J. Stevenson (2009). Phenomenal and Access Consciousness in Olfaction. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):1004-1017.
Similar books and articles
Dominic T. Cheng (2006). Neural Correlates of Response Expression During Fear Learning: Conditioning and Awareness. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin
E. P. Fulcher & M. Hammerl (2001). When All is Revealed: A Dissociation Between Evaluative Learning and Contingency Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):524-549.
Helena M. Purkis & Ottmar V. Lipp (2001). Does Affective Learning Exist in the Absence of Contingency Awareness? Learning and Motivation 32 (1):84-99.
A. P. Field (2001). When All is Still Concealed: Are We Closer to Understanding the Mechanisms Underlying Evaluative Conditioning? Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):559-566.
Jan de Houwer (2006). Using the Implicit Association Test Does Not Rule Out an Impact of Conscious Propositional Knowledge on Evaluative Conditioning. Learning and Motivation 37 (2):176-187.
Eamon P. Fulcher & Marianne Hammerl (2001). When All is Considered: Evaluative Learning Does Not Require Contingency Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):567-573.
David C. Knight, Hanh T. Nguyen & Peter A. Bandettini (2006). The Role of Awareness in Delay and Trace Fear Conditioning in Humans. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 6 (2):157-162.
James W. Manns, R. Clark & L. R. Squire (2000). Awareness Predicts the Magnitude of Single-Cue Trace Eyeblink Conditioning. Hippocampus 10 (2):181-186.
J. Furedy, B. Damke & W. Boucsein (2000). Revisiting the Learning-Without-Awareness Question in Human Pavlovian Autonomic Conditioning: Focus on Extinction in a Dichotic Listening Paradigm. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 35 (1):17-34.
S. Devriese, W. Winters, I. van Diest & O. van den Bergh (2004). Contingency Awareness in a Symptom Learning Paradigm: Necessary but Not Sufficient? Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):439-452.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #331,763 of 1,796,164 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #468,527 of 1,796,164 )
How can I increase my downloads?