On the Theoretical Motivation for Positing Etiological Functions

Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):371-390 (2011)
It is a plain fact that biology makes use of terms and expressions commonly spoken of as teleological. Biologists frequently speak of the function of biological items. They may also say that traits are 'supposed to' perform some of their effects, claim that traits are 'for' specific effects, or that organisms have particular traits 'in order to' engage in specific interactions. There is general agreement that there must be something useful about this linguistic practice but it is controversial whether it is entirely appropriate, and if so why it is.Many theorists have defended the use of seemingly teleological terms by appeal to an etiological notion of function (Wright, 1973; Millikan, 1984, 2002; Neander, 1991; ..
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DOI 10.1353/cjp.2011.0026
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References found in this work BETA
Ruth G. Millikan (1989). In Defense of Proper Functions. Philosophy of Science 56 (June):288-302.
Robert C. Cummins (1975). Functional Analysis. Journal of Philosophy 72 (November):741-64.
Larry Wright (1973). Functions. Philosophical Review 82 (2):139-168.
Colin Allen (2002). 14. Real Traits, Real Functions? In Andre Ariew, Robert C. Cummins & Mark Perlman (eds.), Functions: New Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology and Biology. Oxford University Press 373.

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Citations of this work BETA
Sune Holm (2013). Organism and Artifact: Proper Functions in Paley Organisms. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):706-713.

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