David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):515-522 (2011)
Initial evidence suggests that suppressing a thought prior to sleep results in subsequent dreaming of that thought. The present research examined the influence of cognitive load on dreaming following suppression. In Experiment 1, 100 participants received either a suppression instruction or no instruction for an intrusive thought prior to sleep, and subsequently completed a dream diary. Participants instructed to suppress reported dreaming about the target thought more than controls; dream rebound was predicted by poorer performance on a working memory task. In Experiment 2, 126 participants received either a suppression instruction or no instruction for an intrusive thought prior to sleep, and half of participants also had cognitive load of learning a 9-digit number. Participants receiving the suppression instruction under cognitive load reported greater dream rebound than other participants. These findings indicate that thought suppression prior to sleep leads to dream rebound, and this effect is enhanced by cognitive load
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References found in this work BETA
J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2000). Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):793-842; 904-1018; 1083-1121.
Antti Revonsuo (2000). The Reinterpretation of Dreams: An Evolutionary Hypothesis of the Function of Dreaming. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):877-901.
Amir Muzur, Edward F. Pace-Schott & J. Allan Hobson (2002). The Prefrontal Cortex in Sleep. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (11):475-481.
Citations of this work BETA
Josie E. Malinowski (2015). Dreaming and Personality: Wake-Dream Continuity, Thought Suppression, and the Big Five Inventory. Consciousness and Cognition 38:9-15.
Lisa C. G. Di Lemma, Joanne M. Dickson, Pawel Jedras, Anne Roefs & Matt Field (2015). Priming of Conflicting Motivational Orientations in Heavy Drinkers: Robust Effects on Self-Report but Not Implicit Measures. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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