Peter Singer's argument for utilitarianism

Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (3):175-194 (2005)
Abstract
The paper begins by situating Singer within the British meta-ethical tradition. It sets out the main steps in his argument for utilitarianism as the ‘default setting’ of ethical thought. It argues that Singer’s argument depends on a hierarchy of reasons, such that the ethical viewpoint is understood to be an adaptation – an extension – of a fundamental self-interest. It concludes that the argument fails because it is impossible to get from this starting-point in self-interest to his conception of the ethical point of view. The fundamental problem is its mixing the immiscible: the Humean subordination of reason to interest with the Kantian conception of reason as universal and authoritative.
Keywords moral point of view  self-interest  universalizability  utilitarianism
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Keith Burgess-Jackson (2013). Taking Egoism Seriously. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):529-542.
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