Etiological theories of function: A geographical survey [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Biology and Philosophy 13 (4):505-527 (1998)
Formulations of the essential commitment of the etiological theory of functions have varied significantly, with some individual authors' formulations even varying from one place to another. The logical geography of these various formulations is different from what is standardly assumed; for they are not stylistic variants of the same essential commitment, but stylistic variants of two non-equivalent versions of the etiological theory. I distinguish these “strong” and “weak” versions of the etiological theory (which differ with respect to the role of selection in their definitions of function), draw out their respective implications, and argue that the weak version is to be preferred to the strong
|Keywords||Biology Etiology Geography Science Cummins, R|
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Peter J. Graham (2012). Epistemic Entitlement. Noûs 46 (3):449-482.
Andrew D. Spear, Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2016). Functions in Basic Formal Ontology. Applied Ontology 11 (2):103-128.
Marc Artiga (2016). New Perspectives on Artifactual and Biological Functions. Applied Ontology 11 (2):89-102.
Arno Wouters (2005). The Function Debate in Philosophy. Acta Biotheoretica 53 (2):123-151.
Arno G. Wouters (2003). Four Notions of Biological Function. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (4):633-668.
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