The Pentus theorem for Lambek calculus with simple nonlogical axioms

Studia Logica 81 (1):43 - 59 (2005)
The Lambek calculus introduced in Lambek [6] is a strengthening of the type reduction calculus of Ajdukiewicz [1]. We study Associative Lambek Calculus L in Gentzen style axiomatization enriched with a finite set Γ of nonlogical axioms, denoted by L(Γ).It is known that finite axiomatic extensions of Associative Lambek Calculus generate all recursively enumerable languages (see Buszkowski [2]). Then we confine nonlogical axioms to sequents of the form p → q, where p and q are atomic types. For calculus L(Γ) we prove interpolation lemma (modifying the Roorda proof for L [10]) and the binary reduction lemma (using the Pentus method [9] with modification from [3]). In consequence we obtain the weak equivalence of the Context-Free Grammars and grammars based on L(Γ).
Keywords Philosophy   Logic   Mathematical Logic and Foundations   Computational Linguistics
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Joachim Lambek (1968). The Mathematics of Sentence Structure. Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (4):627-628.

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