David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Cambridge University Press (1985)
'Mass terms', words like water, rice and traffic, have proved very difficult to accommodate in any theory of meaning since, unlike count nouns such as house or dog, they cannot be viewed as part of a logical set and differ in their grammatical properties. In this study, motivated by the need to design a computer program for understanding natural language utterances incorporating mass terms, Harry Bunt provides a thorough analysis of the problem and offers an original and detailed solution. An extension of classical set theory, Ensemble Theory, is defined, and this provides the conceptual basis of a framework for the analysis of natural language meaning which Dr Bunt calls Two-level model-theoretic semantics. The validity of the framework is convincingly demonstrated by the formal analysis of a fragment of English including sentences with quantified and modified mass terms. Separate chapters of the book are devoted to an axiomatic definition of Ensemble Theory and a detailed discussion of its status as a mathematical formalism.
|Keywords||Semantics Grammar, Comparative and general Mass nouns Logic, Symbolic and mathematical Set theory|
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|Call number||P325.B85 1985|
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Citations of this work BETA
Jim Higginbotham (1994). Mass and Count Quantifiers. Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (5):447 - 480.
Maureen Donnelly & Thomas Bittner (2009). Summation Relations and Portions of Stuff. Philosophical Studies 143 (2):167 - 185.
Almerindo E. Ojeda (1991). Definite Descriptions and Definite Generics. Linguistics and Philosophy 14 (4):367 - 397.
Nikk Effingham (2011). Universalism and Classes. Dialectica 65 (3):451-472.
B. H. Slater (2006). Grammar and Sets. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (1):59 – 73.
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