David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Moral Education 7 (1):3-8 (1977)
Abstract Lawrence Kohlberg thinks that Utilitarianism and Rawls? theory of justice are formal elaborations of different stages in the psychological development of moral reasoning. He also thinks that there are psychological reasons to favour the stage of reasoning of which he thinks Rawls? theory is an elaboration, and he believes that these reasons are isomorphic with philosophical criteria of adequacy that are normally used in evaluating moral theories. I argue that if he is right, then Rawls? own arguments for the philosophical superiority of his principles of justice over Utilitarianism must be wrong. But, I argue if they are, then, by the claim of isomorphism, it must follow that Kohlberg's own arguments are wrong. I then take a closer look at the alleged isomorphism and attempt to show that Kohlberg has confused ethics with meta?ethics in the development of his views.
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