David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 74 (2):149-165 (2013)
A defining feature of retributive conceptions of karma is their regarding of suffering or misfortune as consequent upon sins committed in previous lives. Some critical non-believers in karma take offence at this view, considering it to involve unjustly blaming the victim. Defenders of the view demur, and argue that a belief in retributive karma in fact provides a motivation for benevolent action. This article elucidates the debate, showing that its depth is such that it is best characterized as a disagreement in form of life (in Wittgenstein’s sense) rather than as a disagreement in opinions. Also briefly discussed is an example of a non-retributive form that belief in karma and reincarnation can take
|Keywords||Karma Reincarnation Blaming the victim Arvind Sharma Ludwig Wittgenstein Hinduism Buddhism|
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References found in this work BETA
Robert Kisala (forthcoming). Contemporary Karma: Interpretations of Karma in Tenrikyō and Risshō Kōseikai. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies.
Gananath Obeyesekere (2002). Imagining Karma: Ethical Transformation in Amerindian, Buddhist, and Greek Rebirth. University of California Press.
John J. Ross (2009). Reading Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: A Beginner's Guide. Lexington Books.
Arvind Sharma (2008). Karma, Rebirth, and the Problem of Evil: An Interjection in the Debate Between Whitley Kaufman and Monima Chadha and Nick Trakakis. Philosophy East and West 58 (4):pp. 572-575.
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1966). Lectures & Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious Belief. Oxford, Blackwell.
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