David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Bioessays 27 (9):923-936 (2005)
The main objective of this essay is to validate some of the principal, currently competing, mammalian consciousness-brain theories by comparing these theories with data on both cognitive abilities and brain organization in birds. Our argument is that, given that multiple complex cognitive functions are correlated with presumed consciousness in mammals, this correlation holds for birds as well. Thus, the neuroanatomical features of the forebrain common to both birds and mammals may be those that are crucial to the generation of both complex cognition and consciousness. The general conclusion is that most of the consciousness-brain theories appear to be valid for the avian brain. Even though some specific homologies are unresolved, most of the critical structures presumed necessary for consciousness in mammalian brains have clear homologues in avian brains. Furthermore, considering the fact that the reptile-bird brain transition shows more structural continuity than the stem amniote-mammalian transition, the line drawn at the origin of mammals for consciousness by several of the theorists seems questionable. An equally important point is that consciousness cannot be ruled out in the absence of complex cognition; it may in fact be the case that consciousness is a necessary prerequisite for complex cognition.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Karl R. Popper & John C. Eccles (1977). The Self and Its Brain: An Argument for Interactionism. Springer.
Christof Koch (2004). The Quest for Consciousness. Roberts and Company.
Gerald M. Edelman & Giulio Tononi (2000). A Universe of Consciousness: How Matter Becomes Imagination. Basic Books.
Citations of this work BETA
D. A. Denton, M. J. McKinley, M. Farrell & G. F. Egan (2009). The Role of Primordial Emotions in the Evolutionary Origin of Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):500-514.
Similar books and articles
Bernard Korzeniewski (2010). From Neurons to Self-Consciousness: How the Brain Generates the Mind. Humanity Books.
Gerhard Roth (2000). The Evolution and Ontogeny of Consciousness. In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press
Anil K. Seth, Bernard J. Baars & D. B. Edelman (2005). Criteria for Consciousness in Humans and Other Mammals. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):119-39.
Max Velmans (2007). The Co-Evolution of Matter and Consciousness. Velmans, Prof Max (2007) the Co-Evolution of Matter and Consciousness. [Journal (Paginated)] 44 (2):273-282.
B. I. B. Lindahl (1997). Consciousness and Biological Evolution. Journal of Theoretical Biology 187 (4):613-29.
Peter G. Grossenbacher (2001). Multisensory Coordination and the Evolution of Consciousness. In Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. John Benjamins 277-314.
Stuart R. Hameroff (1998). Did Consciousness Cause the Cambrian Evolutionary Explosion? In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press 2--421.
Victor Argonov (2012). Neural Correlate of Consciousness in a Single Electron: Radical Answer to “Quantum Theories of Consciousness”. Neuroquantology 12 (2):276-285.
Naoyuki Osaka (2003). Issues in Neural Basis of Consciousness: An Introduction. In Neural Basis of Consciousness. John Benjamins
Peter G. Grossenbacher (2001). A Phenomenological Introduction to the Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness. In Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. Advances in Consciousness Research. John Benjamins 1-19.
Alain Morin (2007). Consciousness is More Than Wakefulness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):99-99.
D. B. Edelman, Bernard J. Baars & Anil K. Seth (2005). Identifying Hallmarks of Consciousness in Non-Mammalian Species. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):169-87.
Majid Beshkar (2008). Animal Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (3):5-33.
Added to index2011-09-14
Total downloads16 ( #228,840 of 1,907,401 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #343,301 of 1,907,401 )
How can I increase my downloads?