David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Pomegranate 7 (1):27-41 (2005)
This article seeks in the Platonic philosophers of late antiquity insights applicable to a new discipline, the philosophy of Pagan religion. An impor¬tant element of any such discipline would be a method of mythological hermeneutics that could be applied cross-culturally. The article draws par¬ticular elements of this method from Sallust and Olympiodorus. Sallust’s five modes of the interpretation of myth (theological, physical, psychical, material and mixed) are discussed, with one of them, the theological, singled out for its applicability to all myths and because it interprets myth in reference exclusively to the nature of the Gods and their relationship to a model of the cosmos in its totality. The other modes of interpretation, while useful in particular contexts, are not uniformly applicable to all myths, interpret the myths as concerning things other than the Gods themselves, and interpret the myths with reference to particular sectors of the cosmos. Accordingly, it is from Sallust’s theological mode of interpre¬tation that the new method draws its inspiration. From Olympiodorus the method derives strategies for interpreting basic narrative attributes that myths share with all stories. Thus temporal sequence is interpreted as an ascent, from our perspective, from less perfect to more perfect manifestations of the powers of the Gods. Passivity, conflict, and transitive relations in general between the Gods are interpreted as expressing attributes of the cosmos to the constitution of which the Gods dedicate their energies, rather than as placing constraint upon the Gods themselves. The article concludes with a series of broad principles meant to guide the new method.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Barry B. Powell (2004). The Gods in Myth M. Lefkowitz: Greek Gods, Human Lives. What We Can Learn From Myths . Pp. XII + 288, Maps, Ills. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2003. Cased, Us$30/£19.95. Isbn: 0-300-10145-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 54 (02):432-.
Emma C. Clarke (1998). Communication, Human and Divine: Saloustious Reconsidered. Phronesis 43 (4):326 - 350.
Monique Dixsaut (2012). Myth and Interpretation. In Catherine Collobert, Pierre Destrée & Francisco J. Gonzalez (eds.), Plato and Myth: Studies on the Use and Status of Platonic Myths. Brill.
Edward Butler (2012). Essays on a Polytheistic Philosophy of Religion. Phaidra Editions.
Ronald Morris (1997). Myths of Sexuality Education. Journal of Moral Education 26 (3):353-361.
Luc Brisson (2004). How Philosophers Saved Myths: Allegorical Interpretation and Classical Mythology. University of Chicago Press.
Mark Colyvan (2005). Myths and Mathematics in Our Vision of the World. Australian Review of Public Affairs.
David Vessey (2010). Hans-Georg Gadamer and the Philosophy of Religion. Philosophy Compass 5 (8):645-655.
Catherine Collobert (2012). The Platonic Art of Myth-Making: Myth as Informative Phantasma. In Catherine Collobert, Pierre Destrée & Francisco J. Gonzalez (eds.), Plato and Myth: Studies on the Use and Status of Platonic Myths. Brill.
Francisco J. Gonzalez (2012). Combating Oblivion: The Myth of Er as Both Philosophy's Challenge and Inspiration. In Catherine Collobert, Pierre Destrée & Francisco J. Gonzalez (eds.), Plato and Myth: Studies on the Use and Status of Platonic Myths. Brill.
Stein Haugom Olsen (2004). Modes of Interpretation and Interpretative Constraints. British Journal of Aesthetics 44 (2):135-148.
Stephen Cox (2003). TheTitanicand the Art of Myth. Critical Review 15 (3-4):403-434.
Added to index2011-11-13
Total downloads8 ( #172,476 of 1,102,744 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #296,833 of 1,102,744 )
How can I increase my downloads?