David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 74 (3):201 - 217 (2007)
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has become a focal point for research aimed at extending business ethics to extra-corporate issues; and as a result many companies now seek to at least appear dedicated to one or another version of CSR. This has not affected the arms industry, however. For, this industry has not been discussed in CSR literature, perhaps because few CSR scholars have questioned this industry's privileged status as an instrument of national sovereignty. But major changes in the organization of political communities call traditional views of sovereignty into question. With these considerations in mind I assess the U.S. arms industry on the basis of CSR requirements regarding the environment, social equity, profitability, and use of political power. I find that this industry fails to meet any of these four CSR requirements. Countering a claim that these failings should not be held against arms manufacturers because their products are crucial to national defense, I contend that many of these companies function not as dutiful agents of a nation-state but as politically powerful entities in their own right. So, I conclude, they should be held responsible for the foreseeable consequences that flow from use of their products. This responsibility should include civil liability and, in cases involving war crimes and violations of human rights, responsibility under international human rights standards
|Keywords||corporate social responsibility arms industry liability human rights|
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References found in this work BETA
Elisabet Garriga & Domènec Melé (2004). Corporate Social Responsibility Theories: Mapping the Territory. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):51-71.
Dirk Matten, Andrew Crane & Wendy Chapple (2003). Behind the Mask: Revealing the True Face of Corporate Citizenship. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1-2):109 - 120.
Paul Kapelus (2002). Mining, Corporate Social Responsibility and the "Community": The Case of Rio Tinto, Richards Bay Minerals and the Mbonambi. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 39 (3):275 - 296.
Joseph Heath & Wayne Norman (2004). Stakeholder Theory, Corporate Governance and Public Management: What Can the History of State-Run Enterprises Teach Us in the Post-Enron Era? Journal of Business Ethics 53 (3):247-265.
Ronald Jeurissen (2004). Institutional Conditions of Corporate Citizenship. Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):87-96.
Citations of this work BETA
Edmund F. Byrne (2010). The U.S. Military-Industrial Complex is Circumstantially Unethical. Journal of Business Ethics 95 (2):153 - 165.
Jon Reast, François Maon, Adam Lindgreen & Joëlle Vanhamme (2013). Legitimacy-Seeking Organizational Strategies in Controversial Industries: A Case Study Analysis and a Bidimensional Model. Journal of Business Ethics 118 (1):139-153.
Adam Lindgreen, François Maon, Jon Reast & Mirella Yani-De-Soriano (2012). Guest Editorial: Corporate Social Responsibility in Controversial Industry Sectors. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (4):393-395.
Edmund F. Byrne (forthcoming). Making Drones to Kill Civilians: Is It Ethical? Journal of Business Ethics.
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