Historical Records and Homeland Security: The Declassification and Retraction of Government Documents on Human Radiation Experiments
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):165 - 173 (2008)
Following press disclosures in 1993 that U.S. government agencies had been using human subjects in tests and trials involving radioactive isotopes since the mid-1940s, a major national initiative to locate and declassify records concerning these tests was initiated. The U.S. Department of Energy, which led the dedassification effort, pledged that a new "culture of openness" would attend the management of classified documents in the future. Following the attacks on the United States in September 2001, this momentum was reversed. Dedassification initiatives were delayed or terminated, and a significant portion of the many thousands of records about "human radiation experiments" during the 1940s and 1950s were removed from both online access, which had been in place since the mid-1990s, and from the public domain altogether.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Charles Weijer, The Human Radiation Experiments: Final Report of the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments.
Jonathan D. Moreno & Susan E. Lederer (1996). Revising the History of Cold War Research Ethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):223-237.
Nancy E. Kass & Jeremy Sugarman (1996). Are Research Subjects Adequately Protected? A Review and Discussion of Studies Conducted by the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):271-282.
Tom L. Beauchamp (1996). Looking Back and Judging Our Predecessors. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):251-270.
Ruth Macklin (1996). Disagreement, Consensus, and Moral Integrity. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):289-311.
Kristan Shrader-Frechete (2001). Using a Thought Experiment to Clarify a Radiobiological Controversy. Synthese 128 (3):319 - 342.
Stanley Krippner (2006). Geomagnetic Field Effects in Anomalous Dreams and the Akashic Field. World Futures 62 (1 & 2):103 – 113.
Jeremy Sugarman & Nancy E. Kass (1996). Are Research Subjects Adequately Protected? A Review and Discussion of Studies Conducted by the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):271-282.
Ruth R. Faden (1996). Chair's Perspective on the Work of the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):215-221.
Lauren Hartzell-Nichols (2012). Precaution and Solar Radiation Management. Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (2):158 - 171.
Marianne Sommer (2008). History in the Gene: Negotiations Between Molecular and Organismal Anthropology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):473 - 528.
Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2005). Radiobiology and Gray Science: Flaws in Landmark New Radiation Protections. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (2):167-169.
Soraya De Chadarevian (2006). Mice and the Reactor: The "Genetics Experiment" in 1950s Britain. Journal of the History of Biology 39 (4):707 - 735.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads4 ( #234,508 of 1,096,245 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #81,717 of 1,096,245 )
How can I increase my downloads?