David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 3 (1):36-49 (1990)
Modern agriculture is subject to a metaphysical as well as an ethical critique. As a casual review of the beliefs associated with food production in the past suggests, modern agriculture is embedded in and informed by the prevailing modern world view, Newtonian Mechanics, which is bankrupt as a scientific paradigm and unsustainable as an agricultural motif. A new holistic, organic world view is emerging from ecology and the new physics marked by four general conceptual features: Each level of organization from atoms to ecosystems (1) exhibits emergent properties, (2) exerts downward causation from whole to part, (3) is a systemically integrated whole, (4) the parts of which are internally related. Organic agriculture has been favourably compared with industrial agriculture by the United States National Academy of Science's Board on Agriculture. Aldo Leopold was among the first to criticize industrial agriculture and to envision a new motif for agriculture informed by ecology. A future post-modern ecological agriculture will help to solve the ethical problems engendered by modern mechanical agriculture.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Michael C. Appleby (2005). Sustainable Agriculture is Humane, Humane Agriculture is Sustainable. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):293-303.
Rajiv K. Sinha (1997). Embarking on the Second Green Revolution for Sustainable Agriculture in India: A Judicious Mix of Traditional Wisdom and Modern Knowledge in Ecological Farming. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 10 (2):183-197.
A. Whitney Sanford (2011). Ethics, Narrative, and Agriculture: Transforming Agricultural Practice Through Ecological Imagination. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (3):283-303.
Charles V. Blatz (1992). Ethics, Ecology and Development: Styles of Ethics and Styles of Agriculture. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 5 (1):59-85.
Paul B. Thompson (2001). The Reshaping of Conventional Farming: A North American Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):217-229.
Jeffrey Burkhardt (1988). Crisis, Argument, and Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (2):123-138.
Mette Vaarst & Hugo Alrøe (2012). Concepts of Animal Health and Welfare in Organic Livestock Systems. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (3):333-347.
A. Whitney Sanford (2011). Growing Stories From India: Religion and the Fate of Agriculture. University Press of Kentucky.
Egbert Hardeman & Henk Jochemsen (2012). Are There Ideological Aspects to the Modernization of Agriculture? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (5):657-674.
J. Baird Callicott (1988). Agroecology in Context. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):3-9.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads16 ( #101,250 of 1,099,035 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #58,097 of 1,099,035 )
How can I increase my downloads?