David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In K. P. Minkema, A. Neele & K. van Andel (eds.), Jonathan Edwards and Scotland. Dunedin Academic Press. 117-128 (2011)
This paper focuses on John Witherspoon (1723-1794) and the religious background of the American conception of religious liberty and church-state separation, as found in the First Amendment. Witherspoon was strongly influenced by debates and conflicts concerning liberty of conscience and the independence of the congregations in his native Scotland; and he brought to his work, as President of the (Presbyterian) College of New Jersey, a moderate Calvinism challenging the conception of “true virtue” found in Jonathan Edwards. Witherspoon was teacher to James Madison who would substantially write the First Amendment. Religious freedom, focused on freedom of conscience, and ‘Christian magnanimity’ stand in considerable tension with the prior orthodoxy of predetermination and the historical tradition of Calvinistic theocracy. Understanding Witherspoon, we better understand the reformation background of the American Enlightenment and how his conception of the freedom of conscience contributed to American conceptions of freedom generally.
|Keywords||John Witherspoon Jonathan Edwards freedom of conscience virtue|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Dennis F. Thompson (1976). Bibliography: The Education of a Founding Father. The Reading List for John Witherspoon's Course in Political Theory, as Taken by James Madison. Political Theory 4 (4):523-529.
Jonathan Edwards (2009). Jonathan Edwards, Freedom of the Will, The Works of Jonathan Edward, Vol. I. Yale University Press.
Ki Joo Choi (2010). The Role of Perception in Jonathan Edwards's Moral Thought: The Nature of True Virtue Reconsidered. Journal of Religious Ethics 38 (2):269-296.
Jonathan Edwards (1995). A Jonathan Edwards Reader. Yale University Press.
Elizabeth Agnew Cochran (2011). Consent, Conversion, and Moral Formation: Stoic Elements in Jonathan Edwards's Ethics. Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (4):623-650.
Jeffry H. Morrison (forthcoming). John Witherspoon and the Founding of the American Republic. Religious Studies.
Gerald R. McDermott (2003). Poverty, Patriotism, and National Covenant: Jonathan Edwards and Public Life. Journal of Religious Ethics 31 (2):229 - 251.
Gordon Graham (2005). :John Witherspoon and the Founding of the American Republic. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 3 (2):190-193.
Stephen A. Wilson (2003). Jonathan Edwards's Virtue: Diverse Sources, Multiple Meanings, and the Lessons of History for Ethics. Journal of Religious Ethics 31 (2):201 - 228.
Jonathan Edwards (1957). The Works of Jonathan Edwards. Yale University Press.
James Calvin Davis (2005). William Ames's Calvinist Ambiguity Over Freedom of Conscience. Journal of Religious Ethics 33 (2):333 - 355.
Roland A. Delattre (1991). The Theological Ethics of Jonathan Edwards an Homage to Paul Ramsey. Journal of Religious Ethics 19 (2):71 - 102.
William Wainwright, Jonathan Edwards. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Philip L. Quinn (2003). Honoring Jonathan Edwards. Journal of Religious Ethics 31 (2):299 - 321.
Added to index2011-07-28
Total downloads36 ( #51,777 of 1,101,987 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #91,864 of 1,101,987 )
How can I increase my downloads?