Philosophy Compass 5 (12):1096-1106 (2010)
|Abstract||Teleology is the study of ends and goals, things whose existence or occurrence is purposive. Aristotle’s views on teleology are of seminal importance, particularly his views regarding biological functions or purposes. This article surveys core examples of Aristotle’s invocations of teleology; explores philosophically puzzling aspects of teleology (including their normativity and the fact that ends can, apparently, act as causes despite never coming to exist); articulates two of Aristotle’s arguments defending commitment to teleology against critics who attempt to explain nature solely through appeal to nonteleological efficient and material causes; and argues that Aristotle was an ontological realist when it came to teleology: he conceived of ends as an irreducible and ineliminable aspect of the causal structure of reality. Other interpretive controversies are addressed more briefly.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Monte Ransome Johnson (2005). Aristotle on Teleology. Oxford University Press.
Mariska Leunissen (2010). Explanation and Teleology in Aristotle's Science of Nature. Cambridge University Press.
Mariska Elisabeth Maria Philomena Johannes Leunissen, Explanation and Teleology in Aristotle's Philosophy of Nature.
Rich Cameron (2004). How to Be a Realist About Sui Generis Teleology Yet Feel at Home in the 21st Century. The Monist 87 (1):72-95.
Mariska Leunissen (forthcoming). Biology and Teleology in Aristotle’s Account of the City. In Julius Rocca (ed.), Teleology in the Ancient World: The Dispensation of Nature. Cambridge.
Rich Cameron (2003). The Ontology of Aristotle's Final Cause. Apeiron 35 (2):153-79.
Jeffrey Wattles (2006). Teleology Past and Present. Zygon 41 (2):445-464.
Willem A. deVries (1991). The Dialectic of Teleology. Philosophical Topics 19 (2):51-70.
Mohan Matthen (1991). Naturalism and Teleology. Journal of Philosophy 88 (11):656-657.
Allan Gotthelf (2012). Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology. OUP Oxford.
F. J. K. Soontiëns (1991). Evolution: Teleology or Chance? Journal for General Philosophy of Science 22 (1):133-141.
Stephen B. Hawkins (2007). Desire and Natural Classification: Aristotle and Peirce on Final Cause. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (3):521 - 541.
Andrew Woodfield (1976). Teleology. Cambridge University Press.
Attila Grandpierre (2012). A Biological Account of Design in Nature. In Swan Liz, Gordon Richard & Seckbach Joseph (eds.), Origin of Design in Nature.
Hannah Ginsborg (2006). Kant's Biological Teleology and Its Philosophical Significance. In A Companion to Kant. Blackwell Publishing.
Added to index2011-01-10
Total downloads82 ( #9,268 of 549,065 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #12,324 of 549,065 )
How can I increase my downloads?