What was Huxley's epiphenomenalism?

Biology and Philosophy 16 (3):357-375 (2001)
Abstract
Thomas Huxley is often identified as the originator of the doctrineknown as ``epiphenomenalism,'' but there appears to be littleappreciation for the details of Huxley's theory. In particular,conflicting interpretations show that there is uncertainty about twoaspects of his position: whether mental states are completelywithout causal powers or simply have no influence on the behavior theyare typically taken to explain, and whether conscious epiphenomena arethemselves physical states of the brain or immaterial items. I clarifythese issues and show that Huxley's brand of epiphenomenalism is in factdifferent from the forms usually attributed to him.
Keywords Consciousness  Epiphenomenalism  Metaphysics  Huxley
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Citations of this work BETA
Neil Campbell (2005). Explanatory Epiphenomenalism. Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):437-451.
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Thomas Henry Huxley (1971). Touchstone for Ethics, 1893-1943. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.
Neil Campbell (2005). Explanatory Epiphenomenalism. Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):437-451.
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