David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoria 74 (4):331-351 (2008)
Conditionals that contain a modality in the consequent give rise to a particular semantic phenomenon whereby the antecedent of the conditional blocks possibilities when interpreting the modality in the consequent. This explains the puzzling logical behaviour of constructions like "If you don't buy a lottery ticket, you can't win", "If you eat that poison, it is unlikely that you will survive the day" and "If you kill Harry, you ought to kill him gently". In this paper it is argued that a semantic version of the Ramsey Test provides a key in the analysis of such constructions. The logic for this semantics is axiomatized and some examples are studied, among them a well-known puzzle for contrary-to-duty obligations.
|Keywords||conditionals Ramsey Test Gentle Murder paradox contrary‐to‐duty paradox|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
John Cantwell (2008). Indicative Conditionals:Factual or Epistemic? Studia Logica 88 (1):157 - 194.
Roderick Chisholm (1963). Contrary-to-Duty Imperatives and Deontic Logic. Analysis 24 (2):33-36.
Dorothy Edgington (1996). Lowe on Conditional Probability. Mind 105 (420):617-630.
James William Forrester (1984). Gentle Murder, or the Adverbial Samaritan. Journal of Philosophy 81 (4):193-197.
Citations of this work BETA
Seth Yalcin (2012). A Counterexample to Modus Tollens. Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (6):1001-1024.
Similar books and articles
John Mccarthy (1997). Modality, Si! Modal Logic, No! Studia Logica 59 (1):29-32.
Matthew S. Bedke (2009). The Iffiest Oughts: A Guise of Reasons Account of End‐Given Conditionals. Ethics 119 (4):672-698.
Malte Willer (2010). New Surprises for the Ramsey Test. Synthese 176 (2):291 - 309.
Anna Bucalo (1994). Modalities in Linear Logic Weaker Than the Exponential “of Course”: Algebraic and Relational Semantics. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 3 (3):211-232.
Bartosz Więckowski (2010). Associative Substitutional Semantics and Quantified Modal Logic. Studia Logica 94 (1):105 - 138.
Scott Labarge (2002). Stoic Conditionals, Necessity and Explanation. History and Philosophy of Logic 23 (4):241-252.
Joseph Levine (2010). The Q Factor: Modal Rationalism Versus Modal Autonomism. Philosophical Review 119 (3):365-380.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads20 ( #90,078 of 1,101,802 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #91,766 of 1,101,802 )
How can I increase my downloads?