David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Theoria 74 (4):331-351 (2008)
Conditionals that contain a modality in the consequent give rise to a particular semantic phenomenon whereby the antecedent of the conditional blocks possibilities when interpreting the modality in the consequent. This explains the puzzling logical behaviour of constructions like "If you don't buy a lottery ticket, you can't win", "If you eat that poison, it is unlikely that you will survive the day" and "If you kill Harry, you ought to kill him gently". In this paper it is argued that a semantic version of the Ramsey Test provides a key in the analysis of such constructions. The logic for this semantics is axiomatized and some examples are studied, among them a well-known puzzle for contrary-to-duty obligations.
|Keywords||conditionals Ramsey Test Gentle Murder paradox contrary‐to‐duty paradox|
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References found in this work BETA
John Cantwell (2008). Indicative Conditionals:Factual or Epistemic? Studia Logica 88 (1):157 - 194.
Roderick Chisholm (1963). Contrary-to-Duty Imperatives and Deontic Logic. Analysis 24 (2):33-36.
Dorothy Edgington (1996). Lowe on Conditional Probability. Mind 105 (420):617-630.
James William Forrester (1984). Gentle Murder, or the Adverbial Samaritan. Journal of Philosophy 81 (4):193-197.
Citations of this work BETA
Seth Yalcin (2012). A Counterexample to Modus Tollens. Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (6):1001-1024.
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