The “ecological” approach to ontology in Hedwig Conrad-martius and in some authors of the phenomenological school
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Axiomathes 18 (4):475-489 (2008)
Conrad-Martius’ philosophy can be defined as a non-orthodox position in phenomenological ontology. This position can be considered such in a different sense from Heidegger’s ontology and may be treated as an extension of Husserl’s phenomenology in view of the following three elements. (1) Seiendes (entity) is considered anything that has consistence in the larger sense of the word, including all entities, such as fantastical entities (spirits, fairy-tale beings), soul, ideas and others, that can be used to obtain the phenomenological description. (2) The phenomenological description that occurs through a new definition of “phenomenological reduction” and epoché, in such a way that a realistic solution is emphasized in the analysis of being; being is not considered as the residuum of a system of noema, but, following medieval philosophy, as having the eminent character of reality, through which any of the others can be derived. (3) The analysis of being gives a stratification of various entities, through which each finds definition by means of its relative allocation in an “ontological space”.
|Keywords||Ecologism in perception Ontology Stratification|
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References found in this work BETA
John Drummond (1990). Husserlian Intentionality and Non-Foundational Realism: Noema and Object. Springer.
Dagfinn Føllesdal (1969). Husserl's Notion of Noema. Journal of Philosophy 66 (20):680-687.
Dagfinn Føllesdal (1990). Noema and Meaning in Husserl. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50:263-271.
Barry Smith (1999). Truth and the Visual Field. In Jean Petitot (ed.), Naturalizing Phenomenology. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 317--329.
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