Aristotle on Other-Selfhood and Reciprocal Shaping
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
History of Philosophy Quarterly 29 (4):319-336 (2012)
This paper concerns the status of Aristotle’s claim that a friend is another self in NE IX.4. Against the prevailing interpretation, I defend the view that Aristotle uses the other-self claim to explain how a virtuous person who values himself will come to value his friend, according to which 1) loving a friend is an extension of self-love, and 2) the conception of the friend as another self explains how the friend’s eudaimonia becomes constitutive of the agent’s eudaimonia. I argue that this view, properly construed, is defensible from two objections: that it is narcissistic, and that it is incompatible with Aristotle’s insistence that we value our friends for their sakes. According to Aristotle, virtuous friends become other selves to one another by engaging in a process I call “reciprocal shaping,” a process by which friends develop a shared character. If virtuous friends value one another on account of character as Aristotle claims, then they value one another on account their shared character.
|Keywords||Aristotle Ancient Philosophy Ethics Friendship|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Joyce L. Jenkins (1999). The Advantages of Civic Friendship. Journal of Philosophical Research 24:459-471.
Zena Hitz (2011). Aristotle on Self-Knowledge and Friendship. Philosophers' Imprint 11 (12):1-28.
Jennifer Whiting (2002). Eudaimonia, External Results, and Choosing Virtuous Actions for Themselves. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (2):270-290.
James McEvoy (2003). Too Many Friends or None at All? A “Difference” Between Aristotle and Postmodernity. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 77 (1):1-19.
Joe Mintoff (2006). Could an Egoist Be a Friend? American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (2):101 - 118.
Walter A. Brogan (2002). Gadamer's Praise of Theory: Aristotle's Friend and the Reciprocity Between Theory and Practice. Research in Phenomenology 32 (1):141-155.
Catherine Osborne (2009). Selves and Other Selves in Aristotle's Eudemian Ethics Vii 12. Ancient Philosophy 29 (2):349-371.
Elijah Millgram (1987). Aristotle on Making Other Selves. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):361 - 376.
R. K. Bentley (2013). Civic Friendship and Thin Citizenship. Res Publica 19 (1):5-19.
Stephen A. Calogero (1998). The Self in Aristotle's Ethics. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 5 (2/3):85-95.
Aristotle (1999). Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Books Viii and Ix. Clarendon Press.
J. M. E. Moravcsik (1967). Aristotle. Garden City, N.Y.,Anchor Books.
Paul Schollmeier (1997). Why We Love the Land. Ethics and the Environment 2 (1):53 - 65.
Eric Mullis (2010). Confucius and Aristotle on the Goods of Friendship. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (4):391-405.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2012-12-07
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?