David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Studies 143 (1):127 - 136 (2009)
How can philosophy of science be of more practical use? One thing we can do is provide practicable advice about how to determine when one empirical claim is relevant to the truth of another; i.e., about evidential relevance. This matters especially for evidence-based policy, where advice is thin—and misleading—about how to tell what counts as evidence for policy effectiveness. This paper argues that good efficacy results (as in randomized controlled trials), which are all the rage now, are only a very small part of the story. To tell what facts are relevant for judging policy effectiveness, we need to construct causal scenarios about will happen when the policy is implemented.
|Keywords||Evidence Evidence-based policy Evidential relevance Randomized controlled trials Efficacy Effectiveness|
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Citations of this work BETA
Miriam Solomon (2011). Just a Paradigm: Evidence-Based Medicine in Epistemological Context. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (3):451-466.
Catherine Womack & Norah Mulvaney-Day (2012). Feminist Bioethics Meets Experimental Philosophy: Embracing the Qualitative and Experiential. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):113-132.
Johannes Persson (2009). Semmelweis's Methodology From the Modern Stand-Point: Intervention Studies and Causal Ontology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (3):204-209.
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