Minds and Machines 14 (1):67-83 (2004)
|Abstract||In modern technical societies computers interact with human beings in ways that can affect moral rights and obligations. This has given rise to the question whether computers can act as autonomous moral agents. The answer to this question depends on many explicit and implicit definitions that touch on different philosophical areas such as anthropology and metaphysics. The approach chosen in this paper centres on the concept of information. Information is a multi-facetted notion which is hard to define comprehensively. However, the frequently used definition of information as data endowed with meaning can promote our understanding. It is argued that information in this sense is a necessary condition of cognitivist ethics. This is the basis for analysing computers and information processors regarding their status as possible moral agents. Computers have several characteristics that are desirable for moral agents. However, computers in their current form are unable to capture the meaning of information and therefore fail to reflect morality in anything but a most basic sense of the term. This shortcoming is discussed using the example of the Moral Turing Test. The paper ends with a consideration of which conditions computers would have to fulfil in order to be able to use information in such a way as to render them capable of acting morally and reflecting ethically|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Bernd Carsten Stahl (2004). Information, Ethics, and Computers: The Problem of Autonomous Moral Agents. Minds and Machines 14 (1):67-83.
Bernd Carsten Stahl (2006). Responsible Computers? A Case for Ascribing Quasi-Responsibility to Computers Independent of Personhood or Agency. Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):205-213.
Frances S. Grodzinsky, Keith W. Miller & Marty J. Wolf (forthcoming). The Ethics of Designing Artificial Agents. Ethics and Information Technology.
S. Grodzinsky Frances, W. Miller Keith & J. Wolf Marty (forthcoming). The Ethics of Designing Artificial Agents. Ethics and Information Technology.
Carl Mitcham & Alois Huning (eds.) (1985). Philosophy and Technology II: Information Technology and Computers in Theory and Practice. Reidel.
Deborah G. Johnson & Thomas M. Powers (2008). Computers as Surrogate Agents. In M. J. van den Joven & J. Weckert (eds.), Information Technology and Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Deborah G. Johnson & Keith W. Miller (forthcoming). Un-Making Artificial Moral Agents. Ethics and Information Technology.
Rafael Capurro (forthcoming). On Floridi's Metaphysical Foundation of Information Ecology. Ethics and Information Technology.
James H. Moor (1999). Using Genetic Information While Protecting the Privacy of the Soul. Ethics and Information Technology 1 (4):257-263.
Colin Allen, Iva Smit & Wendell Wallach (2005). Artificial Morality: Top-Down, Bottom-Up, and Hybrid Approaches. Ethics and Information Technology 7 (3).
Rafael Capurro (2006). Towards an Ontological Foundation of Information Ethics. Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4).
Emma Rooksby (2009). How to Be a Responsible Slave: Managing the Use of Expert Information Systems. Ethics and Information Technology 11 (1).
Luciano Floridi (2006). Information Technologies and the Tragedy of the Good Will. Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4).
Added to index2010-09-01
Total downloads4 ( #178,800 of 549,370 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #63,397 of 549,370 )
How can I increase my downloads?