Implicit Trust in the Space of Reasons and Implications for Technology Design: A Response to Justine Pila
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Social Epistemology 23 (1):25-43 (2009)
In this issue, Pila (2009) has criticised the recommendations made by requirements engineers involved in the design of a grid technology for the support of distributed readings of mammograms made by Jirotka et al. (2005). The disagreement between them turns on the notion of “biographical familiarity” and whether it can be a sound basis for trust for the performances of professionals such as radiologists. In the first two sections, this paper gives an interpretation of the position of each side in this disagreement and their recommendation for the design of technology for distributed reading, and in the third the underlying reasons for this disagreement are discussed. It is argued that Pila, in attempting to make room for mistrust as well as trust, brings to the fore the question of having and reflecting upon reasons for trust or mistrust. Pila holds that biographical familiarity is not a sound reason for trust/mistrust, as it seems to obliterate the possibility of mistrust. In response to her proposal, an analysis is proposed of the forms of trust involved in biographical familiarity. In particular, implicit trust is focused upon—as a form of trust in advance of reasons, and as a form of trust contained (in the logical sense) within other reasons. It is proposed that implicit trust has an important role in establishing an intersubjectively shared world in which what counts as a reason for the acceptability of performances such as readings of X-rays is established. Implicit trust, therefore, is necessary for professionals to enter into a “space of reasons”. To insist upon judgements made in the absence of the form of implicit trust at play in biographical familiarity is to demand that radiologists (and other relevantly similar professionals) make judgements regarding whether to trust or mistrust on the basis of reasons capable of being reflected upon, but at the same time leave them without reasons upon which to reflect
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
G. E. M. Anscombe (1957/2000). Intention. Harvard University Press.
Annette Baier (1986). Trust and Antitrust. Ethics 96 (2):231-260.
Robert Brandom (1995). Review: Knowledge and the Social Articulation of the Space of Reasons. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (4):895--908.
Elizabeth Fricker (2002). Trusting Others in the Sciences: A Priori or Empirical Warrant? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (2):373-383.
Martin Kusch (2002). Testimony in Communitarian Epistemology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (2):335-354.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mark Coeckelbergh (2012). Can We Trust Robots? Ethics and Information Technology 14 (1):53-60.
Matteo Turilli, Antonino Vaccaro & Mariarosaria Taddeo (2010). The Case of Online Trust. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (3-4):333-345.
Cynthia Townley (2003). Trust and the Curse of Cassandra (An Exploration of the Value of Trust). Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (2):105-111.
Robert C. Solomon (1998). Creating Trust. Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (2):205-232.
Ingolf U. Dalferth (2010). In God We Trust" : Trust, Mistrust and Distrust as Modes of Orientation. In Arne Grøn & Claudia Welz (eds.), Trust, Sociality, Selfhood. Mohr Siebeck.
Lars Hertzberg (1988). On the Attitude of Trust. Inquiry 31 (3):307 – 322.
Pamela Hieronymi (2008). The Reasons of Trust. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (2):213 – 236.
Trond Grønli Åm (2011). Trust in Nanotechnology? On Trust as Analytical Tool in Social Research on Emerging Technologies. Nanoethics 5 (1):15-28.
Trond Åm (2011). Trust in Nanotechnology? On Trust as Analytical Tool in Social Research on Emerging Technologies. Nanoethics 5 (1):15-28.
Annamaria Carusi (2009). Implicit Trust in the Space of Reasons. Journal of Social Epistemology 23 (1):25-43.
Added to index2010-07-12
Total downloads6 ( #193,403 of 1,096,519 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #246,097 of 1,096,519 )
How can I increase my downloads?