Metaphor: Ad Hoc Concepts, Literal Meaning and Mental Images

Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 110 (3pt3):295-321 (2010)
I propose that an account of metaphor understanding which covers the full range of cases has to allow for two routes or modes of processing. One is a process of rapid, local, on-line concept construction that applies quite generally to the recovery of word meaning in utterance comprehension. The other requires a greater focus on the literal meaning of sentences or texts, which is metarepresented as a whole and subjected to more global, reflective pragmatic inference. The questions whether metaphors convey a propositional content and what role imagistic representation plays receive somewhat different answers depending on the processing route
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Merrie Bergmann (1982). Metaphorical Assertions. Philosophical Review 91 (2):229-245.

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Sherrill Jean Begres (1992). Metaphor and Constancy of Meaning. Grazer Philosophische Studien 43:143-161.

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