David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 11 (2):97 – 122 (2005)
The cheater-detection (CD) hypothesis suggests that people who otherwise perform poorly on the Wason selection task perform well when the task is couched in cheater-detection contexts. We report three studies with new selection problems that are similar to the originals but that question the CD hypothesis. The first two studies document a pattern heretofore attributed to CD mechanisms, namely good performance with “regular” rules and inferior performance with “switched” rules, all in problems that lack a cheater-detection context. The final study finds an interaction: not only is good performance elicited on non-CD problems, but poor performance is found in the context of CD problems. Performance on the selection task cannot be predicted based on the presence or absence of cheater-detection contexts, which brings into question the need to invoke a specialised cheater-detection module.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Vittorio Girotto & Katya Tentori (2008). Is Domain-General Thinking a Domain-Specific Adaptation? Mind and Society 7 (2):167-175.
Similar books and articles
Wim de Neys & Samuel Franssens (2011). The Effortless Nature of Conflict Detection During Thinking. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (2):105-128.
Raymond S. Nickerson (1996). Hempel's Paradox and Wason's Selection Task: Logical and Psychological Puzzles of Confirmation. Thinking and Reasoning 2 (1):1 – 31.
Yunn-Wen Lien & Wei-Lun Lin (2011). From Falsification to Generating an Alternative Hypothesis: Exploring the Role of the New-Perspective Hypothesis in Successful 2-4-6 Task Performance. [REVIEW] Thinking and Reasoning 17 (2):105 - 136.
Keith E. Stanovich Richard & F. West (1998). Cognitive Ability and Variation in Selection Task Performance. Thinking and Reasoning 4 (3):193 – 230.
Dan Sperber (2002). Use or Misuse of the Selection Task? Rejoinder to Fiddick, Cosmides, and Tooby. Cognition 85 (3):277-290.
David M. Wasieleski & James Weber (2009). Does Job Function Influence Ethical Reasoning? An Adapted Wason Task Application. Journal of Business Ethics 85 (1):187 - 199.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads47 ( #89,949 of 1,907,355 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #160,519 of 1,907,355 )
How can I increase my downloads?