David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 64 (1):1 - 20 (2008)
In this article, we discuss the current trend of authoritarianism in the Islamic world, especially as embodied in the institution of taqlid, whereby a lay person blindly follows a religious scholar. We will compare this to the mystical tradition of Ibn 'Arabî as well as the early esoteric Shî'ite tradition, where a much more "rebellious" type of Islam was offered and provided purviews of pluralism and universalism that challenge authoritarian closures of interpretation in relationship with God. By way of further comparison, we will also attend to the writings of some liberal and pluralistic thinkers in the Muslim world
|Keywords||Islam Pluralism Mysticism Nietzche|
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Søren Kierkegaard (2006). Fear and Trembling. Cambridge University Press.
Friedrich Nietzsche (2004/2008). Twilight of the Idols ;. Dover Publications.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1966). Thus Spoke Zarathustra. New York, Viking Press.
Henry Corbin (1993). History of Islamic Philosophy. In Association with Islamic Publications for the Institute of Ismaili Studies.
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