Graduate studies at Western
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):446-450 (2005)
|Abstract||Some commentaries suggest that the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) theory of this condition does not explain enough. Because the theory includes parameters of the delay gradient that vary across individuals and developmental modulation of behavioral outcomes by different environments, it accommodates a wide range of manifestations of ADHD symptoms. Thus, the argument could instead be made that the theory allows too many degrees of freedom. For many purposes, behavior is better defined in terms of function (e.g., consequences) than in terms of structure (e.g., muscle movements), so cognition is treated here as a variety of behavior rather than as a different category of phenomena. The commentaries are discussed in the context of these and other distinctions, including those between association and selection, between operant and respondent behavior, and between fundamental processes and those that are derivative. Other issues include: prosthetic environments, rapidity of developmental change, the concept of inhibition, the form of the delay gradient, and possible directions for experimental research.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Adolfo G. Sadile & Davide Viggiano (2005). Is the Hypodopaminergic Hypothesis Plausible as Neural Bases of ADHD? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):440-441.
Michiel van Lambalgen, Claudia van Kruistum & Esther Parigger (2008). Discourse Processing in Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd). Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (4):467-487.
Edmund J. S. Sonuga-Barke & F. X. Castellanos (2005). A Common Core Dysfunction in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Scientific Red Herring? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):443-444.
Rosemary Tannock (2005). Hypodopaminergic Function Influences Learning and Memory as Well as Delay Gradients. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):444-445.
John R. Leo & D. Cohen (2003). Broken Brains or Flawed Studies? A Critical Review of ADHD Neuroimaging Research. Journal of Mind and Behavior 24 (1):29-55.
Aribert Rothenberger & Roumen Kirov (2005). Changes in Sleep-Wake Behavior May Be More Than Just an Epiphenomenon of ADHD. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):439-439.
Bonnie J. Kaplan (1999). The Neurobiology of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) as a Model of the Neurobiology of Personality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):526-527.
Espen Borgå Johansen, Terje Sagvolden, Heidi Aase & Vivienne Ann Russell (2005). The Dynamic Developmental Theory of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Present Status and Future Perspectives. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):451-454.
David R. Coghill (2005). Delay of Reinforcement Gradients and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): The Challenges of Moving From Causal Theories to Causal Models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):428-429.
A. Charles Catania (2005). Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Delay-of-Reinforcement Gradients and Other Behavioral Mechanisms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):419-424.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads11 ( #107,564 of 740,099 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,960 of 740,099 )
How can I increase my downloads?