David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Politics, Philosophy and Economics 5 (1):97-127 (2006)
International borders concentrate opportunities in some societies while limiting them in others. Borders also prevent those in the less favored societies from gaining access to opportunities available in the more favored ones. Both distributive effects of borders are treated here within a comprehensive framework. I argue that each state should have broad discretion under international law to grant or deny entry to immigration seekers; but more favored countries that find themselves under immigration pressure should be legally obligated to fund development assistance for countries that generate immigration pressure. Funding should be subject to conditions of fair and effective use in recipient countries, and should aim at a near-term target of immigration-pressure equilibrium. Equilibrium obtains between two countries when, given appropriate background circumstances, the same proportion of individuals in each manifests a preference to migrate to the other. If meeting the equilibrium target in the short term would be to the long-term disadvantage of the worst-off countries, then a Pareto-superior alternative target supersedes. It mandates development assistance at the level that yields the most favorable human development projections for the worstoff countries. An implementable set of institutions is described that can achieve the equilibrium goal in the long term without unduly sacrificing other important ends, including economic growth, political stability, cultural integrity, the political autonomy of distinct societies, and their proper accountability for policy choices. Key Words: global justice immigration borders development distributive justice development assistance equality international law cosmopolitanism.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Lea Ypi (2008). Justice in Migration: A Closed Borders Utopia? Journal of Political Philosophy 16 (4):391-418.
Raphael J. Nawrotzki (2014). Climate Migration and Moral Responsibility. Ethics, Policy and Environment 17 (1):69-87.
Eric Cavallero (2009). Federative Global Democracy. Metaphilosophy 40 (1):42-64.
Eric Cavallero (2012). Association and Asylum. Philosophical Studies (1):1-9.
Similar books and articles
Peter Higgins (2009). Immigration Justice: A Principle for Selecting Just Admissions Policies. Social Philosophy Today 25:149-162.
Hans Lindahl (2008). The Anomos of the Earth: Political Indexicality, Immigration, and Distributive Justice. Ethics and Global Politics 1 (4):193-212.
Sune Lægaard (2010). What is the Right to Exclude Immigrants? Res Publica 16 (3):245-262.
Sagar Sanyal (2009). Political Equality and Global Poverty: An Alternative Egalitarian Approach to Distributive Justice. Dissertation, University of Canterbury
Mason Richey (2010). Towards a Non-Positivist Approach to Cosmopolitan Immigration: A Critique of the Inclusion/Exclusion Dialectic and an Analysis of Selected European Immigration Policies. Journal of International and Area Studies 17 (1):55-74.
Christian Barry (2011). Immigration and Global Justice. Global Justice Theory Practice Rhetoric 4 (1):30-38.
Shelley Wilcox (2009). The Open Borders Debate on Immigration. Philosophy Compass 4 (5):813-821.
Paul G. Harris (1997). Affluence, Poverty, and Ecology: Obligation, International Relations, and Sustainable Development. Ethics and the Environment 2 (2):121 - 138.
David Miller (2007). National Responsibility and Global Justice. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads94 ( #43,999 of 1,907,073 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #277,075 of 1,907,073 )
How can I increase my downloads?