Is tenure justified? An experimental study of faculty beliefs about tenure, promotion, and academic freedom
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):553-569 (2006)
The behavioral sciences have come under attack for writings and speech that affront sensitivities. At such times, academic freedom and tenure are invoked to forestall efforts to censure and terminate jobs. We review the history and controversy surrounding academic freedom and tenure, and explore their meaning across different fields, at different institutions, and at different ranks. In a multifactoral experimental survey, 1,004 randomly selected faculty members from top-ranked institutions were asked how colleagues would typically respond when confronted with dilemmas concerning teaching, research, and wrong-doing. Full professors were perceived as being more likely to insist on having the academic freedom to teach unpopular courses, research controversial topics, and whistle-blow wrong-doing than were lower-ranked professors (even associate professors with tenure). Everyone thought that others were more likely to exercise academic freedom than they themselves were, and that promotion to full professor was a better predictor of who would exercise academic freedom than was the awarding of tenure. Few differences emerged related either to gender or type of institution, and behavioral scientists' beliefs were similar to scholars from other fields. In addition, no support was found for glib celebrations of tenure's sanctification of broadly defined academic freedoms. These findings challenge the assumption that tenure can be justified on the basis of fostering academic freedom, suggesting the need for a re-examination of the philosophical foundation and practical implications of tenure in today's academy. (Published Online February 8 2007) Key Words: academia; academic freedom; ethical issues; faculty beliefs; professoriate; promotion; scientific misconduct; tenure; whistle-blowing.
|Keywords||academia academic freedom ethical issues faculty beliefs professoriate promotion scientific misconduct tenure whistle-blowing|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Steven Hrotic (2013). Survey of the Philosophic Discipline. Minerva 51 (1):93-122.
Similar books and articles
Michael Shermer (2006). Testing Tenure: Let the Market Decide. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):584-585.
W. Bentley MacLeod (2006). Tenure is Justifiable. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):581-583.
Douglas Peters (2006). Tenure is Fine, but Rank is Sublime. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):583-583.
John Ruscio & April Kelly-Woessner (2006). Tenure as a Necessary but Not Sufficient Requirement for Academic Freedom. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):583-584.
Frank Farley (2006). The Untouchables: Benefits, Costs, and Risks of Tenure in Real Cases. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):574-575.
Emanuel Donchin (2006). The Constraints of Academic Politics Are Not Violations of Academic Freedom. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):572-573.
Stephen J. Ceci, Wendy M. Williams & Katrin Mueller-Johnson (2006). Tenure and Academic Freedom: Prospects and Constraints. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):586-592.
Chance W. Lewis & BethRené Roepnack (2007). Academic Freedom and Academic Tenure: Can They Survive in the Market Place of Ideas? [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 5 (2-4):221-232.
Elizabeth A. Franz & Harlene Hayne (2006). The Preservation of Academic Freedom: Tenure is Not Enough. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):576-577.
Richard T. De George (2003). Ethics, Academic Freedom and Academic Tenure. Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (1):11-25.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads14 ( #129,339 of 1,410,465 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,872 of 1,410,465 )
How can I increase my downloads?