David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (5):469-486 (2010)
Citizen petitions and legislative bills in seven states in the US have established space and movement limitations for selected species of farm animals. These actions show Americans becoming concerned about the humane treatment of confined farm animals, and willing to use governmental intervention to preclude existing confinement practices. The individual state provisions vary, including the coverage of species. All seven states deal with sow-gestation crates, five states address veal calf crates, and two states’ provisions also apply to battery cages used for egg-laying hens. The actions show citizen and legislative opposition to current animal production practices, and suggest a movement to provide better treatment for farm animals. Accompanying the actions are challenges for animal production industries in remaining competitive while meeting social expectations on the ethical treatment of food animals. While the actions are only a small step in addressing welfare issues, they may be the beginning of a significant movement to do more to address human and animal welfare issues
|Keywords||Animal welfare Battery cages Food animal confinement Gestation crates Humane treatment of animals Space and movement limitations|
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References found in this work BETA
R. M. Bennett, J. Anderson & R. J. P. Blaney (2002). Moral Intensity and Willingness to Pay Concerning Farm Animal Welfare Issues and the Implications for Agricultural Policy. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):187-202.
Robert Heeger & Frans W. A. Brom (2001). Intrinsic Value and Direct Duties: From Animal Ethics Towards Environmental Ethics? [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):241-252.
David J. Mellor (2009). The Sciences of Animal Welfare. Wiley-Blackwell.
Michael C. Morris (2006). The Ethics and Politics of the Caged Layer Hen Debate in New Zealand. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (5):495-514.
Citations of this work BETA
Jeffrey M. Spooner, Catherine A. Schuppli & David Fraser (2013). Attitudes of Canadian Pig Producers Toward Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-21.
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