Intentionality and truth-making: Augustine's influence on Burley and wyclif 's propositional semantics

Vivarium 45 (s 2-3):283-297 (2007)
Abstract
Walter Burley (1275-c.1344) and John Wyclif (1328-1384) follow two clearly stated doctrinal options: on the one hand, they are realists and, on the other, they defend a correspondence theory of truth that involves specific correlates for true propositions, in short: truth-makers. Both characteristics are interdependent: such a conception of truth requires a certain kind of ontology. This study shows that a) in their explanation of what it means for a proposition to be true, Burley and Wyclif both develop what we could call a theory of intentionality in order to explain the relation that must obtain between the human mind and the truth-makers, and b) that their explanations reach back to Augustine, more precisely to his theory of ocular vision as exposed in the De trinitate IX as well as to his conception of ideas found in the Quaestio de ideis.
Keywords SEMANTICS   TRUTH-MAKING   MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY   INTENTIONALITY   ONTOLOGY   REALISM
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