David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Biomedical Semantics 1 (10):1-23 (2010)
While classifications of mental disorders have existed for over one hundred years, it still remains unspecified what terms such as 'mental disorder', 'disease' and 'illness' might actually denote. While ontologies have been called in aid to address this shortfall since the GALEN project of the early 1990s, most attempts thus far have sought to provide a formal description of the structure of some pre-existing terminology or classification, rather than of the corresponding structures and processes on the side of the patient. We here present a view of mental disease that is based on ontological realism and which follows the principles embodied in Basic Formal Ontology (BFO) and in the application of BFO in the Ontology of General Medical Science (OGMS). We analyzed statements about what counts as a mental disease provided (1) in the research agenda for the DSM-V, and (2) in Pies' model. The results were used to assess whether the representational units of BFO and OGMS were adequate as foundations for a formal representation of the entities in reality that these statements attempt to describe. We then analyzed the representational units specific to mental disease and provided corresponding definitions. Our key contributions lie in the identification of confusions and conflations in the existing terminology of mental disease and in providing what we believe is a framework for the sort of clear and unambiguous reference to entities on the side of the patient that is needed in order to avoid these confusions in the future
|Keywords||Psychiatry Ontology Mental functioning|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Janna Hastings, Werner Ceusters, Mark Jensen, Kevin Mulligan & Barry Smith (2012). Representing Mental Functioning: Ontologies for Mental Health and Disease. In Towards an Ontology of Mental Functioning (ICBO Workshop), Proceeedings of the Third International Conference on Biomedical Ontology.
Romain Schneckenburger (2011). Biological Psychiatry and Normative Problems: From Nosology to Destigmatization Campaigns. Medicine Studies 3 (1):9-17.
Antony G. N. Flew (1981). Disease and Mental Disease. In Concepts Of Health And Disease. Reading: Addison-Wesley.
Kenneth F. Schaffner (1992). Molecular Genetics, Reductionism, and Disease Concepts in Psychiatry. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (2):127-153.
Richard H. Scheuermann, Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2009). Toward an Ontological Treatment of Disease and Diagnosis. In Proceedings of the 2009 AMIA Summit on Translational Bioinformatics. American Medical Informatics Association.
Dušan Kecmanović (2010). Controversies and Dilemmas in Contemporary Psychiatry. Transaction Publishers.
Barry Smith (2012). Classifying Processes: An Essay in Applied Ontology. Ratio 25 (4):463-488.
Jonathan Y. Tsou (2008). The Reality and Classification of Mental Disorders. Dissertation, University of Chicago
Janna Hastings, Nicolas Le Novère, Werner Ceusters, Kevin Mulligan & Barry Smith (2012). Wanting What We Don't Want to Want: Representing Addiction in Interoperable Bio-Ontologies. In Ronald Cornet & Robert Stevens (eds.), Proceeedings of the Third International Conference on Biomedical Ontology. CEUR. 56-60.
David Robb (forthcoming). Power for the Mental as Such. In Jonathan D. Jacobs (ed.), Putting Powers to Work: Causal Powers in Contemporary Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.
Dominic Murphy & Robert L. Woolfolk (2000). The Harmful Dysfunction Analysis of Mental Disorder. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 7 (4):241-252.
Janna Hastings, Werner Ceusters, Mark Jensen, Kevin Mulligan & Barry Smith (2012). Towards an Ontology of Mental Functioning (ICBO Workshop), Proceeedings of the Third International Conference on Biomedical Ontology.
Dominic Murphy (2010). Explanation in Psychiatry. Philosophy Compass 5 (7):602-610.
Added to index2012-08-23
Total downloads18 ( #132,590 of 1,696,508 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #93,751 of 1,696,508 )
How can I increase my downloads?