David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):177-192 (2001)
Human morality may be thought of as a negative feedback cotrol system in which moral rules are reference values, and moral disapproval, blame, and punishment are forms of negative feedback given for violations of the moral rules. In such a system, if moral agents held each other accountable, moral norms would be enforced effectively. However, even a properly functioning social negative feedback system could not explain acts in which individual agents uphold moral rules in the face of contrary social pressure. Dr. Frances Kelsey, who withheld FDA approval for thalidomide against intense social pressure, is an example of the degree of individual moral autonomy possible in a hostile environment. Such extreme moral autonomy is possible only if there is internal, psychological negative feedback, in addition to external, social feedback. Such a cybernetic model of morality and moral autonomy is consistent with certain aspects of classical ethical theories.
|Keywords||cybernetics feedback morality nor autonomy control|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Aristotle (2012). Nicomachean Ethics. Courier Dover Publications.
Arturo Rosenblueth, Norbert Wiener & Julian Bigelow (1943). Behavior, Purpose and Teleology. Philosophy of Science 10 (1):18-24.
Michael S. Pritchard (1998). Professional Responsibility: Focusing on the Exemplary. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (2):215-233.
John Kekes (2000). The Enforcement of Morality. American Philosophical Quarterly 37 (1):23 - 35.
David Harnden-Warwick (1997). Psychological Realism, Morality, and Chimpanzees. Zygon 32 (1):29-40.
Citations of this work BETA
Jean Maria Arrigo (2004). A Utilitarian Argument Against Torture Interrogation of Terrorists. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (3):543-572.
Similar books and articles
Mark Coeckelbergh (2010). Moral Appearances: Emotions, Robots, and Human Morality. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 12 (3):235-241.
Judith G. Smetana (1999). The Role of Parents in Moral Development: A Social Domain Analysis. Journal of Moral Education 28 (3):311-321.
Joseph Chan (2002). Moral Autonomy, Civil Liberties, and Confucianism. Philosophy East and West 52 (3):281-310.
Fabrice Teroni & Otto Bruun (2011). Shame, Guilt and Morality. Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (2):223-245.
Bernard Gert (1988). Morality: A New Justification of the Moral Rules. Oxford University Press.
Kenneth J. Gergen (2011). From Moral Autonomy to Relational Responsibility. Zygon 46 (1):204-223.
Wesley Erdelack (2011). Antivoluntarism and the Birth of Autonomy. Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (4):651-679.
Dwight R. Boyd (1979). An Interpretation of Principled Morality. Journal of Moral Education 8 (2):110-123.
Elise Springer (2008). Moral Feedback and Motivation: Revisiting the Undermining Effect. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (4):407 - 423.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads16 ( #215,881 of 1,790,341 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #431,681 of 1,790,341 )
How can I increase my downloads?