David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Studies 139 (3):395 - 414 (2008)
In this article I argue that two received accounts of belief and assertion cannot both be correct, because they entail mutually contradictory claims about Moore’s Paradox. The two accounts in question are, first, the Action Theory of Belief (ATB), the functionalist view that belief must be manifested in dispositions to act, and second, the Belief Account of Assertion (BAA), the Gricean view that an asserter must present himself as believing what he asserts. It is generally accepted also that Moorean assertions are absurd, and that BAA explains why they are. I shall argue that ATB implies that some Moorean assertions are, in some fairly ordinary contexts, well justified. Thus BAA and ATB are mutually inconsistent. In the concluding section I explore three possible ways of responding to the dilemma, and what implications they have for the nature of the constitutive relationships linking belief, assent and behavioural dispositions.
|Keywords||Assertion Belief Assent Functionalism Moore’s Paradox Disjunctivism|
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References found in this work BETA
D. M. Armstrong (1973). Belief, Truth and Knowledge. London,Cambridge University Press.
Max Black (1952). Saying and Disbelieving. Analysis 13 (2):25-33.
M. F. Burnyeat (1967). Belief in Speech. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 68:227 - 248.
Michael Clark (2002). Paradoxes From A to Z. Routledge.
L. Jonathan Cohen (1992). An Essay on Belief and Acceptance. New York: Clarendon Press.
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