Don't blame the 'bio' — blame the 'ethics': Varieties of (bio) ethics and the challenge of pluralism [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 2 (1):10-17 (2005)
We tend to think that the difficulties in bioethics spring from the novel and alarming issues that arise due to discoveries in the new biosciences and biotechnologies. But many of the crucial difficulties in bioethics arise from the assumptions we make about ethics. This paper offers a brief overview of bioethics, and relates ethical ‘principlism’ to ‘ethical fundamentalism’. It then reviews some alternative approaches that have emerged during the second phase of bioethics, and argues for a neo-Aristotelian approach. Misconceptions about ethical principles and ethical reasoning not only distort our views of the business of bioethics, but they also prevent us from facing up to the formidable problems posed by ethical pluralism in so-called liberal societies.
|Keywords||Ethical theory principal-based ethics religion moral development cultural diversity|
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References found in this work BETA
Martha C. Nussbaum (2001). Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions. Cambridge University Press.
Rosalind Hursthouse (1999/2001). On Virtue Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Martha Craven Nussbaum (2001). The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Onora O'Neill (2002). Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Richard Huxtable (2009). The Suicide Tourist Trap: Compromise Across Boundaries. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):327-336.
Markus Christen, Christian Ineichen & Carmen Tanner (2014). How “Moral” Are the Principles of Biomedical Ethics? – a Cross-Domain Evaluation of the Common Morality Hypothesis. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):47.
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