Human nature and moral cultivation in the guodian 郭店 text of the Xing zi Ming Chu 性自命出 (nature derives from mandate)
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 8 (4):361-382 (2009)
The debate over whether human nature is good or bad and how this is related to self-cultivation was central in the minds of traditional Chinese thinkers. This essay analyzes the interrelationship between the key concepts of xing 性 (human nature), qing 情 (human emotions/feelings), and xin 心 (heart-mind) in the Guodian text of the Xing Zi Ming Chu 性自命出 (Nature Derives from Mandate) discovered in 1993 in Hubei province. The intellectual engagements evident in this Guodian text emerge as more syncretic and dynamic than those that can be found in the discourse of any single tradition, such as Gaozi, Mencius, or Xunzi. Its thesis on human nature and moral cultivation reveals the existence of a possibly more diverse intellectual discourse from which the different foci of philosophical debate represented by later thinkers developed.
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References found in this work BETA
Erica F. Brindley (2006). Music and “Seeking One's Heart-Mind” in the “Xing Zi Ming Chu”. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 5 (2):247-255.
Scott Cook (1997). Zhuang Zi and His Carving of the Confucian Ox. Philosophy East and West 47 (4):521-553.
Chad Hansen (1995). Qing (Emotions) Fjf in Pre-3uddhist Chinese Thought. In Roger Ames, Robert C. Solomon & Joel Marks (eds.), Emotions in Asian Thought: A Dialogue in Comparative Philosophy. Suny Press. 181.
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