High-level perception, representation, and analogy:A critique of artificial intelligence methodology
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intellige 4 (3):185 - 211 (1992)
High-level perception--”the process of making sense of complex data at an abstract, conceptual level--”is fundamental to human cognition. Through high-level perception, chaotic environmen- tal stimuli are organized into the mental representations that are used throughout cognitive pro- cessing. Much work in traditional artificial intelligence has ignored the process of high-level perception, by starting with hand-coded representations. In this paper, we argue that this dis- missal of perceptual processes leads to distorted models of human cognition. We examine some existing artificial-intelligence models--”notably BACON, a model of scientific discovery, and the Structure-Mapping Engine, a model of analogical thought--”and argue that these are flawed pre- cisely because they downplay the role of high-level perception. Further, we argue that perceptu- al processes cannot be separated from other cognitive processes even in principle, and therefore that traditional artificial-intelligence models cannot be defended by supposing the existence of a --œrepresentation module--� that supplies representations ready-made. Finally, we describe a model of high-level perception and analogical thought in which perceptual processing is integrated with analogical mapping, leading to the flexible build-up of representations appropriate to a given context.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Peggy DesAutels (2012). Moral Perception and Responsiveness. Journal of Social Philosophy 43 (3):334-346.
Similar books and articles
Gary E. Raney (2003). E-Z Reader 7 Provides a Platform for Explaining How Low- and High-Level Linguistic Processes Influence Eye Movements. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):498-499.
Shaun Gallagher (2000). Representation and Deliberate Action. Houston Studies in Cognitive Science 1.
Tim Bayne (2009). Perception and the Reach of Phenomenal Content. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (236):385-404.
Jonathan Waskan (2010). Applications of an Implementation Story for Non-Sentential Models. In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. Springer. 463--476.
Terence E. Horgan & John L. Tienson (1989). Representation Without Rules. Philosophical Perspectives 17 (1):147-74.
Parker Crutchfield (2011). Representing High-Level Properties in Perceptual Experience. Philosophical Psychology 25 (2):279 - 294.
P. DesAutels (1995). Two Types of Theories: The Impact of Churchland's Perceptual Plasticity. Philosophical Psychology 8 (1):25-33.
Chris Eliasmith, Structure Without Symbols: Providing a Distributed Account of High-Level Cognition.
John R. Pani (2001). Perceptual Theories That Emphasize Action Are Necessary but Not Sufficient. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):998-998.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads125 ( #7,660 of 1,103,233 )
Recent downloads (6 months)22 ( #7,648 of 1,103,233 )
How can I increase my downloads?